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第八章 动词的非谓语形式 过去分词构成复合结构做宾语补语

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Lisa

2015年02月17日

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  66.过去分词构成复合结构做宾语补语

  1.过去分词也可在某些动词后构成复合结构(作宾语补语):

  I've recently had my appendix removed.

  我最近割了盲肠。

  We'11 get her X-rayed.

  我们将让她去透视一下。

  I've heard him criticized many times.

  我听见他受过多次批评。

  The scents made her drunk.

  这些香味让她陶醉。

  I felt a great weight taken off my mind.

  我感到心头轻松了许多。

  He found the door closed.

  他发现门关上了。

  Keep your mouth shut and your eyes open.

  少说话多观察。(谚)

  Rarely had I seen him so worked up.

  我很少看到他这样激动过。

  I should like this matter settled immediately

  我愿这件事立即解决。

  He wanted his eggs fried.

  他想吃煎鸡蛋。

  这类句子间或也可变为被动结构:

  One of the glasses was found broken.

  有只玻璃杯被发现破了。

  They should be kept informed of what is going on here.

  应让他们经常知道这里的情况。

  2.have和get两个词后常可跟这种结构,多表示让别人做某事:

  I've had the stove lighted.

  我已(让人)把炉子生好了。

  Have this note sent to Mrs.Patterson.

  把这条子送给派特逊大人。

  I must get the curtains washed.

  我得找人把窗帘洗一洗。

  I'm trying to get it published.

  我正设法请人出版它。

  有时表示遭遇到的情况:

  He had his pocket picked.

  他遭到扒手扒窃。

  The pilot had his plane hijacked.

  飞行员遭遇劫机。

  He has got his wrist broken.

  他的手腕骨折了。

  You've got me all muddled up.

  你把我都弄糊涂了。

  有时自己也可能参与这个动作:

  Last month I had a hundred dollars saved.

  上个月我存了一百美元。

  Did you get the picture finished all right?

  你把画画好了吗?

  Robbie said he’d have all his affairs wound up in a couple of days

  罗毕说他将在一两天内结束他的事务。

  I can't get the car started.

  这辆车我起动不了。


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