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第二十章状语 分词做状语

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Lisa

2015年03月24日

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  181 .分词做状语

  1 .现在分词(短语)作状语可以表示:

  l )行为方式或伴随发生的情况:

  They had to work standing. 他们得站着干活。

  2 )时间:

  Learning of the uprising, he returned to his country.

  听到起义的消息他回到国内。

  Taking a deep breath, he dived into the water.

  他深深吸了一口气跳进水里。

  3 )原因:

  Not knowing your address, I couldn't get in touch with you.

  由于不知道你的地址,我无法和你联系。

  Hving lost her job, she had to look for another one.

  由十失了业,私不得不另找工作。

  2 .过去分词(短语)也可用作状语,表示:

  l )动作发生时的背景或情况:

  Inspired by his example, hundreds of others volunteered to join us.

  在他的带动下,成百上千的人都志愿参加了我们的工作。

  Encouraged by Master Meng, I checked on the machine's operation record .

  在孟师傅的鼓励下,我查看了一下机器的操作记录。

  2 )原因:

  Delighted, the girls thought up many good ideas.

  一高兴姑娘们想出许多的好主意。

  Moved by what he had said, I was at loss what to say ?

  听了他的话我很感动,不知说什么好。

  3 )时间等:

  Driven beyond endurance, Tom ran away from the plantation.

  汤姆忍无可忍逃离了种植园。

  Taken out of context, the sentence is ambiguous,

  脱离了上下文这个句子的意思变得模糊不清了。

  ------------------------------------------------------------

  练习题及答案:

  练习一:将下面的英语句子翻译成中文

  1. Openning the drawer he took out a revolver.

  1 .驶打开抽屉,取出一支手枪。

  2. Taking off his clothes, he jumped into the water.

  2 .他脱掉衣裳跳进水里。

  3. She went out, slamming the door.

  3 .他靓了出去,砰地把门关上。

  4. He fired, wounding the bank robber.

  4 .他开枪打伤了抢银行的人.

  5. I fell, striking my head against the door and cutting it.

  5 .我摔倒了,头碰在门上碰破了。

  练习二:在下面句子中的过去分词或过去分词短语下划线:

  1. Driven beyond the limits of their forbearance, they fought back.

  1 . Driven beyond the limits …

  2. He arrived at shelley Hot springs, tired and dusty that night.

  2. tired

  3. Taken in time, the medicine will be quite effective.

  3 . Taken in time

  4. Looked at politically, it is an important problem.

  4. Looked at politically


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