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第二十章状语 状语从句(1)

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Lisa

2015年03月26日

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  185 .状语从句(1)

  1 .状语从句很多,最常见的是时间状语从句,它们可由when, whenever, while, before, after, until, till, Since, now that, once, as soon as 等连词引起:

  Let's wait until ( till ) the rain stop .

  等雨停了再说。

  She comes to talk to me whenever she feels lonely.

  每当她感到寂寞时就来和我聊人。

  As I talked, I gained some confidence.

  我一面谈着一面增强了信心。

  Now that I have come back, I want to help you both.

  现在既然我回来了,我要帮助你们两人。

  Once the train is moving, there is no way to stop it.

  一旦火车开动了就没法让它停下来。

  2 .由every time, the moment 等词引起的从句也可以用追状语:

  Every time I catch a cold, I have pain in my back.

  每回伤风我的背就疼。

  Stormy applause broke forth the moment she appeared on the stage.

  她一在台上出现就响起暴风雨般的掌声。

  He had impressed me that way the first time I met him.

  我第一次碰到他时,他就给我这个印象。

  Be sure to call on us next time you come to town.

  下次进城你一定来找我们。

  3. instantly, immediately, directly 等词也可引起时间状语从句:

  Them achine will shart instantly you press the button.

  你一按电钮机器就会开动。

  I'11 give you an answer imediately I've finished reading your report.

  我看完你的报告立即给你答复。

  Directly he uttered these words there was a dead silence.

  他一说出这些话,大家立刻沉默下来。

  练习及答案:

  练习一:在下面的状语从句部分划线

  1. I look after the children while my wife goes to London.

  1. while my wife goes to London

  2. I'll do it when I've finished writing the letter.

  2. when I've finished writing the letter

  3. Phone me after you get home.

  3. after you get home

  4. " I've cried till I can cry no more, " she said.

  4. till I can cry no more

  5. You can't get your license until you're eighteen.

  5.until you're eighteen

  6. You can come whenever you want.

  6 . wherever you want

  7. Once he realized what was meant, he would be furious.

  7. Once he realized what

  练习二:将下面的句子翻译成中文

  1. Next time you come, bring your daughter with you.

  1 .下次你来把你女儿带来。

  2. She asks after you every time she sees me.

  2 .她每次见到我都问你好。

  3. We could use the car any time we liked.

  3 .这辆车我们随时可以使用。

  4. He last time he was there, I criticized him for what he had done.

  4 .他上次来我批评了他的行为。

  5. The moment she was gone, Irene sat down beside me.

  5 .她一走,艾琳就在我身旁坐下。


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