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第二十二章 语序 倒装语序(1)

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Lisa

2015年03月27日

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  193 .倒装语序(1 )

  陈述句大多数都是自然语序,只有在少数情况下用倒装顺序,如:

  1.由there , here , then 等引起的句顺有时用倒装语序:

  There have been many such uprisings in our history .

  我国历史上发生过好些这样的起义。

  Here is China a largest tropical forest .

  这离有中国最大的热带森林。

  2.由so , neither , nor 等引起的句子后,多用倒装语序:

  Maxim has told me so, and so has Frank .

  马克西姆曾这样告诉我,佛兰釉也曾这样告诉我。

  " Imhungry . " " soaml . "

  “我饿”“我也饿”。

  I said no more. Neither did she .

  我没再说什么,她也没再说什么。

  I can't imagine.

  我不能想像。

  3.条件从句的it 省略时,句子也常常倒装:

  Had I been in formed earlier , I could have done something .

  要是早点告诉我,我也许能想点办法。

  Were she there , she might suppurt the motion .

  假如她在那里,她或许会支持这项动议。

  Should anyone call , tell him to wait for me here .

  万一有人找我,让他在这里等我。

  4.某些让步从句,也可能用倒装语序。

  Come wha t may , we'll always stand by you .

  不管发生什么情筒,我们都将站在你一边。

  Say what you will , I won't do that .

  不管你怎么说,我也不会这样做。

  5.在某些表示祝愿的句子中,也可能有倒装语序:

  Long live the People's Republic of china !

  中华人民共和国万岁!

  May you have a safe journey.

  祝一路平安。

  --------------------------------------------

  练习及答案:

  练习一:在下面的谓语部分划线

  1 . There has been no rain today .

  1 . has been

  2 . There sprang from the audience a cry of indignation.

  2 . sprang

  3 . Here are my replies to your questions.

  3 . are

  4 . "I like hard chairs . " " So do I . "

  4. ( so ) do

  5 . I don't know and neither do I care .

  5 . ( neither ) do

  6 . I didn t see it , and nor did you .

  6 . (nor ) did

  练习二:在下面的副词子句下划线

  1 . Were I Tom , I would refuse .

  1 . wereI Tom

  2 . Were I in her place, I would think differently .

  2 . do … think

  3 . Should you require anything , just phone me .

  3 . Should you require anything

  4 . Had he known you were here , he would have come to see you .

  4 . Had he know you were here

  5 . Had I known, I would not have done that.

  5 . Had I known,

  6 . Say what you will, I won't change my mind.

  6 . Say what you will


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