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第二十二章 语序 倒装语序(2)

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Lisa

2015年03月27日

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  张道真简明英语语法第二十二章语序(194) .倒装语序(2 )

  1 .以never , little , only , not only , nowhere , hardly , scarcely 等副词引起的句子,常用倒装语序:

  Never before had I shown it to anyone .

  我从来没拿给任何人看过。

  Little did I realize what was upsetting him .

  我完全没意识到什么让他不高兴。

  Only then could the work of reconstruction be seriously begain.

  只有那时重建工作才能真正开始。

  Not only did he speak more correctly, but he spoke more easily ?

  不仅他说得比较正确,也说得比较不费劲了。

  Hardly had he entered the room when they started to ask him questions .

  他刚进屋,他们就开始问他问题。

  Scarcely had he gone out when it began to rain ?

  他刚一出门就下起雨来。

  Nowhere could I see him .

  哪儿也见不到他。

  No sonner had he gone to sleep than the telephone rang once more .

  他刚睡着,电话铃又响了。

  2 .当一个句子没有宾语而主语又比较长,常可将状语提到句子前去,有时把谓语又放到主语前面,开始这类句子的多为介词短语:

  After the banqnet came a firework display in the garden .

  在宴会之后,花园里又燃放了烟火。

  (比较:A firework display came after the banquet . )

  Before them lay miles of undulating moorland .

  他们前面是一片高低起伏的荒原。

  (比较:Miles of undulating moorland lay before them . )

  有时提前的也可能是一个副词:

  Thus began the plunder of the country 5 wealth .

  就这样开始了对这个国家财富的掠夺。

  (比较:Thus the plunder of the country 5 wealth began . )

  Soon came a new development that had far reaching effects . 不久有了一个新的发展,埠生了深远的影响。

  练习题及答案:在下面倒装句的谓语部分下划线:

  l . Never had Aladdin seen anyone 50 beautiful.

  2 . Little does he care whether we live or die.

  3 . Only in this way can the honour of the family be saved.

  5 . Hardly had she arrived when she started complaining .

  6 . Scarcely was he out of sight when they came .

  7 . Nowhere have I seen so many beautiful houses .

  8. Not once has she failed to keep her promise .


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