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第二十二章 语序 倒装语序(3)

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2015年03月28日

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  张道真简明英语语法第第二十二章语序(195).倒装语序(3 )

  1 .表语也可连用系动词提到主语前面,提到句首的表语可以是:

  l )介词短语:

  Near the southern end of the village was a large pear orchard , 靠近村子南头有一座很大的梨园。

  2 )形容词:

  Very imporstant in the farmers life 15 the weather forecast . 农民生活中非常重要的事就是天气预报。

  Worst of all were the humiliations he suffered . 最糟糕的是他受的屈辱。

  3 )方位词:

  Southwest of the reservoir were 2,000 mu of sandy wasteland . 水库西南有两千亩沙荒地。

  Below is a restaurant .下面是一家餐馆。

  4 )过去分词(表语):

  Hidden underground ia a wealth of gold , silver , copper , lead and zinc .

  地下埋藏了大量金、银、铜、铅和锌。

  2 .有时被动结构中的过去分词(a )和进行时态中的现在分词(b )也可以提前:

  a . Most frequented by tourists is the Ju yong guan section .

  游人最多的是居庸关这一段。

  Shown together with these products were models of steel works .

  和这些产品一道展出还有钢铁厂的模型。

  b . Lying on the floor was a boy aged about seventeen ?

  躺在地板上的是一个年约十七岁的男孩。

  Standing beside the table was an interpreter ?

  站在桌旁的是一位口译人员。

  3 .在描写景像时,有时把状语提前,同时把谓语放在主语前面,使句子更生动:

  Following the roar , out rushed a tiger from among the bushes .

  一声吼叫,呼地从丛林中冲出一只老虎。

  --------------------------------------------------------

  练习题与答案:

  练习一:在下面句子中的复合谓语下划线

  1 . Among its products are farm machines and mining equipment.

  2 . 0n either side were rows of fruit trees .

  4 . Around the lake are farms with 57,000 workers .

  5 . Nearby are houses built by th epeasants themselves .

  6 . Especially popular are the musical and theatrical groups .

  7 . Below is an example of typical business letter .

  8 . Here is a difficulty for you to get over .

  练习二:将下面倒装句翻译成中文:

  1 . Holding the secretary's hand is the peasant's young daughters .

  抓着秘书的手的是农民的小女儿。

  2 . Visiting Beijing were 300 Japanese students ?

  访问北京的是300个日本学生吗?

  3 . Participating are experts from 46 countries .

  参与的专家来自46个国家。

  4 . Watching the performances were mostly foreign tourists .

  观看演出的几乎都是外国游客。


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