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第二十三章 省略句 省略句概述

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Lisa

2015年03月28日

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  张道真简明英语语法第二十三章省略句(196) .省略句概述 (Elliptical Sentences) ,主要讲了在口语语法中常用省略句的几种情况

  1 .英语句子,特别是在口语中,常会有词被省略,这样的句子称为省略句,被省略的部分可以是:

  l )主语:

  ( I ) Beg your pardon .请再说一遍。

  (It ) Doesn t matter .没关系。

  ( Do you ) Want some ? (你)要一点吗?

  2 )谓语或谓语的一部分:

  ( Is there ) Anything you want ?你要什么东西吗?

  ( Does ) anybody need help ?有人需要帮忙吗?

  ( Are ) you hungry ?你饿吗?

  3 )宾语:

  Where is George ?—— I don't know .

  乔治在哪里?—— 我不知道。

  She knows who did it , but she won t tell.

  她知道是谁干的,但她不说。

  4 )主语和谓语(或谓语的一部分):

  ( I'm ) Sorry .对不起。

  ( Come ) This way , please .请这边来。

  ( Are y ou ) T ired ?累了吗?

  ( Are you ) looking for me ?找我?

  5 )不定式、冠词或其他东西:

  He didn t come , though we had invited him to ( come ) .

  他没来,虽然我们邀请了他。

  ( The ) Fact is we don't know it ourselves .事实是我们自己也不知道

  Shall we be late ?—— I hope ( we shall ) not ( be late ) .

  我们会不会迟到?― 我希望不会。

  2 .有些句子只含有句子的一部分(如只有谓语或谓语的一部分),却很难说有什么词省略。这类句子可以称单部句(one member Sentences ) ,如:

  Thanks a lot .非常感谢。

  What of it ?哪又有什么关系。

  Away with you !滚开!

  Hands up !举起手来

  ----------------------------------------------------------

  练习及答案:

  练习一:补出下列英语省略句中省略的词:

  1 . Haven't seen you for ages!

  1 . ( I ) Haven't seen you for ages!

  2 . Had a good time?

  2. ( Have you ) Had a good time?

  3 . Looks like rain .

  3 . ( It ) Looks like rain.

  4 . Got to go now .

  4 . ( I've ) Got to go now

  5 . Anything I can do for you?

  5 . ( Is there ) Anything I can do for you?

  6 . What a pity you can't go with us!

  6 . What a pity ( it is ) you can't go with us!

  7 . Sorry , wrong number.

  7 . ( I'm ) Sorry , wrong number.

  8 . Got a pen?

  8 . ( Have you ) Got a pen?

  9 . Did you like the film ?—— Oh , very much .

  9 . Did you like the film ?—— Oh , (I like it) very much .

  10 . Trouble is we don't have enough tools .

  10 . (The) Trouble is we don't have enough tools .

  练习二:将下面的省略句翻译成中文

  1 . No smoking ( parking / spitting ) .

  1 . 禁止吸烟(停车/ 吐痰)

  2 . No entry .

  2 .不得入内。

  3 . Off with the lid .

  3 .把盖子揭开。

  4 . Out with it.

  4 .说出来。

  5 . Down with Fascism !

  5 .打倒法西斯主义!

  6 . On with your clothes.

  6 .把衣服穿上。

  7 . Off with your shirt .

  7 .把衬衫脱下。

  8 . Off to bed with you .

  8 .去睡觉去!

  9 . Down on your knees !

  9 .跪下!

  10 . No bicycle against the wall !

  10 .不得靠墙放自行车。


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