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第二十三章 省略句 复合句中的省略及练习题

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2015年03月28日

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  张道真简明英语语法第二十三章省略句(198).复合句中的省略

  1 .许多状语从句可以有词省略,特别是在when , while , though , if , as if ( though ) ,等后面,省略的词多为它的主语和动词be :

  Look out for cars when crossing the street .

  过街时注意车辆。

  She talked while preparing their supper .

  她一面做饭一面谈着。

  Though not large , the room was light and airy .

  房间虽不大,却很亮堂,粗气清新。

  If necessary , I'll have the letter duplicated .

  如果必要我将把信复印一份。

  She hurriedly left the room as if ( though ) angry ?

  她匆匆离开了房间,好像生气了的样子。

  This viewpoint , however understandable , is wrong .

  这种观点,不管多么可以理解,都是错误的。

  Whenever known , such facts should be reported .

  这类情况一旦发现,就应当报告。

  Fill in the blanks with articles where ( ever ) necessary .

  在簌格中填入必要的冠词。

  2 .在比较从句中,几乎经常会有字词省略:

  Many Others are doing better than we are .

  有很多人比我们干得好。

  They were heavier than he had expected ,

  它们比他预料的重。

  Water was important to us as oxygen .

  水对我们像氧气一样重要。

  Working hard as usual , I expect .

  还是和平时那样勤奋,我想。

  3 .复合句中还有些其他成分可以省略:

  Anything you want to take with you ?

  有什么东西要带吗?

  Sorry , the line is busy .

  对不起,占线了。

  Hope you'll like it .

  希望你会喜欢。

  We'll certainly help you if we can .

  要是可能我们一定会帮助你。

  I won't disturb you again unless I have to .

  除非不得己我将不再来打扰你。

  The sooner , the better .

  越快越好。

  ------------------------------------------------------

  Exercises (练习)

  练习一:在下面句子中的省略从句下划线

  1 . When taken according to the directions , the drug has no side effects .

  2 . Though reduced in numbers, they gained infighting capacity.

  3 . Often she would weep when alone .

  4 . While in London Lenin studied the English labour movement .

  5 . He would never do this unless compelled.

  6 . I will return them as soon as possible .

  8 . He glanced about as if in search of something .

  9 . lf possible , I should like to have two copies of it .

  练习二:将下面英语句子翻译成中文:

  1 . Nothing more you want to say ?

  1 . 没有什么别的话要说了?

  2 . Too bad you can't join us in the celebration .

  2 . 很遗憾你不能来参加我们的庆祝。

  3 . Don't know what they'll do next .

  3 .不知道他们下步怎么办

  4 . If he doesn't want to stay in bed, we'd better not force him to.

  4 .如果他不想待在床上,最好别勉强他。

  5 . Her opinion, whether right or wrong, should be considered.

  5 .她的意见不管对还是错应当考虑。

  6 . We'll get everything ready tomorrow if not earlier.

  6 .明天我们把一切准备好,如果不更早的话。

  7 . I'll do all I can to help them .

  7 .我要竭尽全力帮助他。


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