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专门替中国人写的英语语法10-2:过去分词(past participle)作为形容词

所属教程:专门替中国人写的英语语法

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Lisa

2015年01月24日

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  第十章 如何将动词改成形容词

  10-2 过去分词(past participle)作为形容词

  在完成式中,我们要用过去分词,过去分词也可以作为形容词,以下是一些例子:

  a broken window (破碎的窗)

  a fallen angel (堕落的天使)

  a fallen star (已经不走红的明星)

  a depressed person (一个沮丧的人)

  a much appreciated action (为人很欣赏的动作)

  究竟过去分词和现在分词何不同呢?过去分词多半有动被和已经完成的意思。最好的例子是:开发中家叫做a developing country,已开发国家就叫做a developed country。

  以下的例子可以解释过去分词和现在分词的不同:

  1.(a)这本书很有趣。

  This book is interesting.

  (b)我对这本书很有兴趣。

  I am interested in this book.

  2.(a)这是一部令人沮丧的电影。

  This is a depressing movie.

  (b)我看了这部电影以后,感到非常沮丧。

  I felt very much depressed after seeing that movie.

  3.(a)结果令人失望。

  The result is frustrating.

  (b)他因这个结果而非常失望。

  He was frustrated because of the result.

  4.(a)这个消息真令人难过。

  This news is really upsetting.

  (b)他们都很难过。

  They are all upset.

  5.(a)约翰的进步令人鼓舞。

  John’s progress is encouraging.

  (b)我因约翰的进步而感到鼓舞。

  I am encouraged by John’s progress.

  6.(a)水在烧。

  The water is boiling.

  (b)这是烧开的水。

  This is boiled water.

  7.(a)这个消息出人意外。

  This news is surprising.

  (b)我对这个消息感到意外。

  I was surprised by the news.

  8. (a)他的谈话令人困惑。

  His words are confusing.

  (b)他是一个充满困惑的人。

  He is a confused person.

  记住,以下的句子都是错的:

  *His statements are confused to me.

  *I am interesting in music.

  *He is an interested person.

  *This is indeed a surprised news.

  *This news is encouraged.

  正确的句子应该是:

  His statements are confusing.

  I am interested in music.

  He is an interesting person.

  This is indeed a surprising news.

  This news is encouraging.

  以下是含有过去分词的句子,每一个过去分词都用作形容词:

  America is a developed country.

  I found that dog killed in a car accident.

  The frustrated student needs help.

  I want the report completed before midnight.

  He is totally depressed.

  They are all frustrated.

  The car driven by that young man is a Cadillac.

  This book, read by almost every one, was written by Charles Dickens.

  This is still an unrealized dream.

  Are you interested in music?

  I am really surprised to meet you.

  I was excited by his arrival.

  The girl dressed in white is from Japan.

  A depressed person needs love from others.

  Millions got killed in the Second World War.

  He is a troubled child who needs advice.

  I have a broken leg.

  Broken glass is all over the place.

  千万注意,我们不可以轻易乱用过去分词,以下的句子都是错的:

  *He is suffered.

  *This article will be appeared in the next issue of Science.

  正确的说法是:

  He suffers.

  This article will appear in the next issue of Science.


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