英语语法 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 注册 登录
> 英语语法 > 英语语法大全 > 专门替中国人写的英语语法 >  列表

专门替中国人写的英语语法12-3:冠词使用时的例外

所属教程:专门替中国人写的英语语法

浏览:

Lisa

2015年01月26日

随身学
扫描二维码方便学习和分享
  第十二章 冠词(Articles)

  12-3 冠词使用时的例外

  在以上的两节,我们好像说冠词的使用是有一定规则的,其实不然,例外也不少。在很多情形之下,冠词是要省略的,更麻烦的是,连省略冠词的规则都有例外,应该省的却又不省了。

  第一个有关冠词的特殊用法是这样的,假设我们要说〝男生通常不喜欢弹钢琴〞,我们不能说

  Boy does not like to play the piano.

  而要说

  Boys do not like to play the piano.

  这时,Boys的前面,是没有冠词的,理由很简单,我们不能加a,因为boys是复数,我们也不能加the,因为boys并没有指定哪一个男孩,也没有指定哪一种男孩。类似的例子有:

  Girls are more diligent than boys.

  When spring comes, flowers start to bloom.

  Dogs are often close to their masters.

  Cats are often quite lazy.

  Men eat more than women.

  Professors are all very smart.

  第二个规则有关所谓不可数名词,很多名词是可以数的如:

  a cup, two cups

  a boy, three boys

  a teacher

  a student

  a boat

  an airplane

  a glass of water

  a cup of tea

  可是很多名词是不可数的,以下这些名词都是抽象的,因此不可数

  time

  love

  hatred

  pain

  joy

  sadness

  kindness

  wisdom

  hope

  patience

  这些抽象名词的前面是不要加冠词的,例子如下:

  Time flies.(时间过得很快)

  We can not live without love.

  Let there be no hatred.

  We must be able to endure pain.

  Loving others creates joy.

  There is sadness in his voice.

  Can you feel his kindness?

  He has wisdom.

  There is hope among us.

  I am losing patience.

  以上的例子,乃是泛指的事物,如果特定的抽象名词,仍要加冠词。例如:

  This is the time to cry.

  Do you feel the pain?

  There is a hatred towards was in our society.

  Everyone can feel the joy of being loved.

  We just can not avoid the sadness of losing some loved ones.

  He does have the patience to listen to long talks.

  It is a virtue not to steal.

  还有一些不可数的名词,是所谓的物质名词,像

  water

  fire

  air

  metal

  tea

  coffee

  bread

  butter

  如果这些物质名词泛指一般的东西,前面是不要加冠词的,例如

  Drinking water is important.

  Don't play with fire.

  We need air to breath.

  There is metal in this device.

  I don't drink tea.

  I like coffee.

  Father brings bread and butter home every day.

  一旦物质名词指特定的东西,前面就要加冠词,例如:

  The water in this city is polluted.

  There was a fire near our home last night.

  The air in this town is getting worse and worse.

  Copper is a metal.

  The tea from India is very popular in England.

  专有名词,一般说来都不要加冠词的:

  Mary is from Canada.

  John got married last month.

  Taiwan is an island.

  England is in Europe.

  France is a nice country to visit.

  Russia is a large country.

  Park Street is the main street in this city.

  Go to Taipei first.

  Sun Moon Lake is a beautiful lake.

  January is often very cold here.

  Sunday is a day for resting.

  Spring is the best season.

  Mt. Everest is in Europe.

  President Kennedy died when he was young.

  King George was considered a mad king.

  Queen Elizabeth visited Australia recently.

  可惜的是,英文中专有名词仍有要加the的,我们将试着将这些例外写成规则,但这种规则一定挂一漏万,读者如要知道何种情况要加冠词,何种情况不加冠词,惟一的办法是多读英文的文章,慢慢地就会了解什么情形该用冠词,什么情形不用冠词。

  哪些专门名词前面仍要加冠词the呢?

  (1) 河流,海洋,沙漠,海峡,海湾等等专有名词的前面都要加the。

  the Hudson River (赫德森河)

  the Rhine River (莱茵河)

  the Yellow River (黄河)

  the River Thames (泰唔士河)

  the Amazon River (亚马孙河)

  the Pacific Ocean (太平洋)

  the Red Sea (红海)

  the Mediterranean Sea (地中海)

  the Baltic Sea (波罗的海)

  the Atlantic Ocean (大西洋)

  the Sahara Desert (撒哈拉大沙漠)

  the Gobi Desert (戈壁大沙漠)

  the Taiwan Straits (台湾海峡)

  the English Channel (英吉利海峡)

  the Manila Bay (马尼拉海湾)

  the Bay of Tokyo (东京湾)

  the Persian Gulf (波斯湾)

  (2) 国家的名词中如有of时,要加the

  the United States of America

  the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

  the Republic of China

  (3) 非常言式的名称,也要加the

  the World Bank (世界银行)

  the United Nations (联合国)

  the Red Cross (红十字会)

  the Catholic Church (天主教会)

  (4) 帝国,朝代,时代等等专有名词的前面,要加the

  the British Empire (大英帝国)

  the Ottoman Empire (奥图门帝国)

  the United Kingdom (联合王国)

  the Byzantine Era (拜占庭时代)

  the Chin Dynasty (秦朝)

  the Victoria Era (维多利亚时代)

  the Hanover Dynasty (汉诺威王朝)

  The Renaissance Era (文艺复兴时代)

  the Dark Ages (黑暗时代)

  (5) 如果提到〝全体〞,就要加the

  the Wangs (王家)

  the Kennedys (肯尼迪家族)

  请注意,Wang和Kennedy都是姓,如果要指全家人,必须在姓氏的后面加s,前面加the。

  the Chinese (中国人)

  the Americans (美国人)

  the Africans (非洲人)

  我们说过,一般的专有名词是不要加冠词的,但是有很多其它的名词前面也不要加冠词,以下是一些规则:

  (1)学科一概不加冠词

  I do not like mathematics.

  He hates geometry.

  She teaches us history.

  (2)三餐一概不加冠词

  Did you have lunch.

  Missing breakfast is bad for your health.

  We have had dinner already.

  千万记住,如果我们的名词指定某一个特定的时候,就仍要加冠词,以下是一些例子:

  I had a happy Christmas lunch with my family.

  The dinner you treated me last night was really good.

  Did you have a big breakfast?

  (3)假如我们说〝上学〞,〝去教堂〞等等,都不要加冠词,例如

  I went to church yesterday.

  He goes to church every Sunday.

  She is going to college this summer.

  Did you go to school last week?

  但是如果我们说的是指定的教堂,学校等等,仍要加冠词,例如:

  I went to the church at the corner of Park Street yesterday.

  The church which I went to when I was young is still there.

  I did not go to the college which my father went to.

  (4)语言不要加冠词

  English is easy to learn.

  There are also grammatical rules in Chinese.

  Can you speech Japanese?

  但是,我们必须注意语言有另一种表示的方法,例如:

  The English language is easy to learn.

  There are grammatical rules in the Chinese language.

  (5)运动一概前面不加冠词

  Do you play tennis?

  I can not play basketball.

  I really love soccer.

  (6)动名词前面不加冠词,例如

  Swimming is good for you.

  I like playing tennis.

  Do you enjoy playing piano?


内容来自 听力课堂网:http://www.tingclass.net/show-9319-311889-1.html
用手机学英语,请加听力课堂微信公众号:tingclass123
用户搜索

疯狂英语 英语语法 新概念英语 走遍美国 四级听力 英语音标 英语入门 发音 美语 四级 新东方 七年级 赖世雄 zero是什么意思

订阅每日学英语:

  • 频道推荐
  • |
  • 全站推荐
  • 广播听力
  • |
  • 推荐下载
  • 网站推荐
0.093750