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专门替中国人写的英语语法13-3:比较形的用法

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Lisa

2015年01月27日

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  第十三章 形容词的比较级

  13-3 比较形的用法

  大多数比较级句子里会有than,以下是一些例子:

  I am older than he.

  His English is better than mine.

  San Francisco is more beautiful than New York.

  His car is cheaper than your car.

  He is the most diligent student in his class.

  I like apples more than oranges.

  He has more money than his brother.

  He is stronger than his brother.

  必须注意的是以下的句子是错的:

  *I am older than him.

  *She is smarter than me.

  为什么错了呢?因为原来句子应该是:

  I am older than he (is).

  She is more smart than I (am).

  习惯上的is和am都省略掉的,由以上的解释可以看出,than后面的句词应该是主词,而非受词。

  以下的错误,也请特别注意:

  *My head is larger than your.

  正确的句子是:

  My head is larger than your head.

  或者My head is larger than yours.

  请看以下几个错误的句子:

  *My house is larger than your.

  *The temperature of this city is higher than San Francisco.

  *The height of Himalayas is greater than Mt. Fuji.

  *My bicycle is older than his.

  正确的句子应该是:

  My house is larger than your house.

  或者My house is larger than yours.

  The temperature of this city is higher than the temperature of San Francisco.

  或者The Temperature of this city is higher than that of San Francisco.

  The height of Himalayas is greater than the height of Mt. Fuji.

  或者The height of Himalayas is greater than that of Mt. Fuji.

  请注意以下的例子,句子中没有than,但仍有比较级:

  Among all the teachers who have taught me, he is the best.

  This is the best movie I have ever seen.

  This food is the worst one which I have ever eaten.

  John is the stronger one.

  Do we have a better choice?

  Mary is the more diligent one.

  He is the older of the two.

  He is one of the best movie actors.

  This area is one of the hottest areas in the world.

  He is one of the fastest swimmers of America.

  This is a book which I like most.


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