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英语语法:洪恩语法之动名词详解

所属教程:洪恩英语语法精讲

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2015年01月24日

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The fact that you have done something is much better than doing nothing. Rise up and move on. The regret lies not in doing, but in not doing.
去做永远比不做好。失败了,就再站起来,继续前行。我们不应该后悔去做了什么事,而是要后悔没去做什么事。

6. 动名词

6.1 动名词作主语、宾语和表语

1)作主语

Fighting broke out between the South and the North.

南方与北方开战了。

2)作宾语

a. 动词后加动名词doing作宾语 V. + doing sth

admit 承认   appreciate 感激,赞赏 avoid 避免

complete 完成  consider 认为     delay 耽误   deny 否认    detest 讨厌      endure 忍受    enjoy 喜欢   escape 逃脱      prevent阻止

fancy 想象   finish 完成      imagine 想象   mind 介意    miss 想念       postpone 推迟        practise 训练  recall 回忆      resent 讨厌     resist 抵抗   resume 继续      risk 冒险

suggest 建议  face 面对       include 包括    stand 忍受   understand 理解    forgive 宽恕         keep 继续

举例:

(1) Would you mind turning down your radio a little, please?

(2) The squirrel was lucky that it just missed being caught.

b. 词组后接doing

admit to   prefer…to    be used to    lead to   devote oneself to  object to   stick to     be busy    look forward to to为介词)

no good, no use, It's worth…,  as well as,

can't help, It's no use /good  be tired of

be fond of  be capable of  be afraid of

be proud of  think of / about  hold off

put off  keep on  insist on  count on / upon

set about  be successful in  good at  take up

give up  burst out  prevent … from…

3)作表语

Her job is washing,cleaning and taking care of the children.

6.2 worth 的用法

worth,worthy,worth-while都为adj. 意为"值得"。

1. worth: be worth + n.  当名词为金钱时,表示"…… 值得……"

be worth doing sth. "……某事值得被做"

The question is not worth discussing again and again.

2. worthy:be worthy of +n. 当名词为抽象名词时表示"……值得……"

be worthy to be done "某事值得被做"

The question is not worthy to be discussed againand again.

3. worth-while: be worth-while to do sth  "值得做某事"

worth while: It is worth while doing sth

It is worth while sb to do sth.

典型例题

It is not ____ to discuss the question again and again.

A.worth B.worthy C.worth-while D.worth while

答案C. 由worth的用法可知,此句只适合词组be worth-while to do sth.。因此选C。


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