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胡敏读故事记托福词汇090:行政特权 Executive Privilege

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2016年01月12日

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Lesson 90 Executive Privilege 行政特权

“I thought that the punishment was excessive, didn’t you?” Shirley asked. Shirley was a supervisor and she thought she was exempt from the rule against using paid time to execute personal errands.

“我认为对我的处罚太过分了。不是吗?”雪莉问道。 雪莉是个监督员,她认为自己可以免于遵守公司的规定。然而,公司认为她没有资格享受豁免权而不遵守公司规定。公司反对利用上班时间去做私事。

“Maybe,” replied Kitty. “However, you did take an unauthorized excursion during work time.” Kitty was a supervisor too. Unlike Shirley, she exerted her best efforts to be an exemplary employee. She did not believe that Shirley had a good excuse for violating the rules.

“也许吧,”基蒂回答,“但你的确是未经批准,在工作期间外出游览了。”基蒂也是一名监督员。但跟雪莉不同,基蒂尽最大努力成为一名模范的雇员。她认为雪莉没有正当理由违反公司规定。

“All I did was to take a short walk to get rid of this excess fat,” Shirley exclaimed. “It seems like you can’t even exhale in this office without asking for permission.”

“我只不过是出去散会儿步,减少多余的脂肪。”雪莉大声喊道,“好像不经允许办公室里连大气都不敢出一口了。”

“I thought you went to the store to exchange a shirt,” Kitty said.

“我想你是去商店换衬衣去了。”基蒂说。

“I did,” Shirley said. “But it’s my privilege as an executive to take short breaks for personal matters. I see the managers taking personal breaks to smoke a cigarette. Why should I be excluded from the group? I put into my job the same a mount of exertion as they do. At the end of the day, I am just as exhausted. Taking personal breaks shouldn’t be an exclusive privilege for managers.”

“是的,”雪莉说,“作为行政人员,我有权利用短短的休息时间做点私事。我看见经理们利用个人休息时间再抽烟。为什么我被排除再他们之外呢?对工作我庆祝了和他们一样的努力。一天下来,我同样也精疲力竭。利用个人休息时间不应是经理们独有的特权。”

“It’s true, the managers don’t exemplify good behavior for supervisors,” Kitty said. “They’re more concerned with out execution of their orders. Frankly, I think we’ll just have to accept the fact of our exclusion from executive privilege.”

“的确,经理们没有以良好的行为规范为监督人员树立榜样。”基蒂说,“他们更多关心的是我们对他们的命令的执行情况。坦率地讲,我想我们不得不接受这个事实——我们被排除在行政特权之外。”

“All this talk is exhausting me,” said Shirley. “I think I need another break.”

“说了这么多快把我累死了。”雪莉说,“我想我又该休息一下了。”

Kitty shook her head in wonderment. “Haven’t you been listening to anything I’ve said?”

基蒂惊讶地摇摇头说:“难道你根本没在听我说的话吗?”

Words:

excess adj. 过度的,额外的;n. 过程,超过

excessive adj. 过度的,过分的,过多的

exchange n./vt. 兑换,交换

exclaim vt. 呼喊;惊叫

exclude vt. 把…排除在外;排斥

exclusion n. 排除,逐出

exclusive adj. 独占的;排外的,唯一的

excursion n. 远足,游览

excuse vt. 原谅;n. 借口,理由

execute vt. 完成,实施,执行

execution n. 实施,执行

executive adj. 行政的;n. 执行者;经理主管人员

exemplary adj. 模范的,典范的,可效仿的

exemplify vt. 例证,例示

exempt vi. 免除,豁免

exemption n. 解除,免除

exert vt. 运用,行驶,施加

exertion n. 尽力,努力

exhale vt. 呼出,呼气

exhaust vt. 用尽,耗尽;n. 排气,排气装置

exhausted adj. 精疲力竭的

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