B: Professor Wang.to be honest I do not have interests in my major now. I am quite interested in knowledge about customs. I prefer to become a civil servant in the customs field. That's why I came to your lecture.
A: That's a fantastic idea. To be a civil servant is very lofty and you can make your contribution to the country as well as the people.
B: Thank you. But I am just interested in it. Actually I have little knowledge about this field. Could you supervise me a little bit?
A: Of course. l'd love to. What exactly would you like to know?
B : I am especially keen on the customs clearance. Could you please first tell me the definition of customs clearance?
A: Yes.sure. It refers to the act that the people in charge of the inbound or outbound vehicles.consignors and their agents .or the owners of the items make a declaration to the customs about applying for the formalities for their import. export cargoes or items. And it also refers to the whole process in which the customs officers audit. inspect. collect duty, approve import or export of the documents and the cargo provided by the consignors.
B: That's the account for it. Then what are the official formalities in terms of customs clearance?
A.进出境旅客行李物品必须通过设有海关 的地点进境或出境，接受海关监管。旅客应按规定向海关申报。除法规规定免验者外，进出境旅客行李物品应交由海关规定查验放行，旅客进出境携有需向海关申报的物品，应在申报台前向海递交 《中华人民共和国海关进出境旅游行李物品申报单》或海关规定的申报单证，按规定如实申报其行李物品，报请海关办理物品进境或出境手续。
A: The inbound or outbound passengers have to enter or depart from the place where a customs office is located so that their personal possessions and belongings can be supervised and managed by the customs oflice. Passengers ought to make declaration in accordance with the regulations. Except for the exemptions from inspections. the personal possessions and belongings of passengers must be examined and released by the Customs. Passengers who bring articles which have to be declared ought to hand in the China Customs Declaration Form for Incomingi'outgoing Passengers or the declaration document the customs specifies to the declaration counter
B: Amazing. There are so many regulations and stipulations.1 never thought jl that way before.I seems that being a customs ofticer is not an easy task. It is very challenging. I must study harder to make myself qualified for the post. Then I have one more question. On what basic principle lS it based for customs officers CO inspect the passengers' luggage and articles?
A: The basic principle the customs uses to examine the luggage and arlicles of the passengers is for personal use and in reasonable quantities. to stipulate different scope and different duty limitations for difterent passengers' belongings.
B:I get m Thank you so much.1 understand that there IS stilla long way for me to go ifl want to become a competent civil servant in the customs.
A:I can see that you are a very promising student. I have full confidence ln you that you will make your dream come true.