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外贸英语话题王5-5-8:游览世界奇观

所属教程:外贸英语话题王

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2016年04月17日

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A: Good moming.Mr. Smith. Sightseeing is our agenda today.

A:早上好,史密斯先生。我们今天为您安排的日程是观光。

B: Wonderful! Where shall we go today?

B:太好了!今天我们去哪儿?

A: I will take you to the Great Wall.

A.我要带你去长城。

B: Exactly my thought. l've been waiting for it so long.

B:正合我意。我真是盼望已久了.

A: The Great Wall like the Pyramids of Egypt, the Taj Mahal in India and the Hanging Garden of Babylon.is one of the eight great wonders of the world.

A:如同埃及的金字塔、印度的泰姬陵和巴比伦的空中花园一样,万里长城是世界八大奇迹之一?

B: Yes,indeed. I have also heard an interesting saying. " You are not a true man until you've been to the wall!"

B:是的,的确如此.我还听说过一句很有意思的谚语:“不到长城非好汉!”

A: Yes! It is said that if we look down from the sky.the Great Wall is the only piece of architecture we can see on Earth,

A:是的。据说从宇宙眺望地球,唯一能看到的建筑物就是万里长城。

B: It's so great! What's the length of the Great Wall?

B:真是太了不起了!长城有多长?

A: The Great Wall starts from Shanghai Pass in the east and ends at Jiayu Pass in the west. with the total length of about 6000 kilometers or 12 000 11. That's why we call it in Chinese. Wan Li Chang Cheng' .which literally means a 'Ten-Thousand-Li-Iong Wall'.We're approaching Badaling section and you will see the Great Wall in a short time.

A:长城东起山海关,西到嘉峪关,全长6000公里,也就是12,000里、因此在汉语里我们又称它为“万里长城”。我们就要到八达岭了,马上就要看到长城了。

B: ( After a while. ) How magnificent! Would you please tell me something about the history of the Great Wall?

B:(过了一会儿)真雄伟啊!你能给我讲讲长城的历史吗?

A: OK. Historical records trace the construction of the origin of the Wall to defensive fortification back to the year 656 BC. Its construction continued throughout the Warring States period in the fifth century BC. Later in 221 BC. when Qin unified China. for guarding against invasion by nomadic tribes from the north Emperor Qinshihuang ordered the connection and repair of these indMdual walls and further extensions to form the basis of the present great wall. Building was not finished until Ming Dynasty.

A:好的。据历史记载,将长城作为防御工事建筑的起源要追溯到公元前656年.公元前五世纪战国时期,长城得以 继续修筑 到公元前221年,秦统一中国,为了抵御来自北方的游牧民族侵略,秦始皇下令将各国分散的城墙接起来加以修缮,形成了今天万里长城的雏形。长城的修建止于明朝。

B: It is said that the. Great Wall is divided into two sections,the east and the west. What's the difference between the two sections?

B:听说万里长城分为东、两两个部分,这两个部分有什么不同吗?

A: The western part is a rammed earth construction.In the eastern part.the core of the wall is rammed earth as well,but the outer shell is reinforced with bricks and rocks.

A:西部是土筑建筑,东部的墙内也是土筑建筑,但外城墙用砖石加同.

B: How many passes are there along the Great Wall?

B:长城有多少关隘呢?

A: There are 14 major passes at places of strategic importance along the Great Wall,and the most important are Shanhai Pass and Jiayu Pass.

A:占有重要军事地位的有14座关隘,其中最重要的是山海关和嘉峪关.

B: What are the functions of the rectangular lookout stations built about every 100m.and beacon towers at regular intervals?

B:那每隔100米修建的长方形嘹望台确有什么用处呢?烽火塔之间的距离是固定的吗?

A: They served as a signal system to communicate military information to the dynastic capitaI.At the approach of enemy troops, smoke signals gave the alarm from the beacon towels in the daytime and bonfire did this at night. Emergency signals could be relayed to the capital from distant places within a few hours long before the invention of anything like modern communications,

A:长方形嘹望台是用 来向国家的首都传递军事消息的。当敌军临近时,火塔的烟雾信号发出警告,晚上就用篝火。在尚未出现代通讯技术的紧急信号能在几个小时内从遥远的地方传到首都。

B: Thank you for your introduction.

B:多谢你的介绍。

A. You are welcome!

A:不客气

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