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赖世雄购物英语口语大全(59)归档方法

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2015年11月01日

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Unit 59 Filing Methods 归档方法

As you all know, in English things are filed by alphabetical order. But what some of you may not realize is that in English-speaking countries people's names are virtually always filed according to their family or last name. This makes a difference if you're looking for a book by a certain author in a library or a bookstore or a CD by a particular singer.

大家知道,在英文中,物品是以英文字母排序来归档的。但是有些人也许不知道在英语系国家中,人们的名字事实上是依他们的姓来归档的。这点造成了大家在图书馆或书店找某个作者的书或找某一个歌手的CD时,会有些不同。

This method of filing is different from the one used in Taiwan for English names. For instance, in most CD stores in Taipei George Michael's CDs are under "G". But if you look for his CDs under "G" in the U.S., you aren't going to find any. Instead, you have to look under M. Of course, it's different with bands or artists with one name. You'll find Madonna under "M" in the U.S. just like in Taiwan.

这种英文名字的归档方法和台湾的不一样。例如,在台北,大部份的CD唱片行,乔治·麦可的CD归类在"G"檔下。但是如果在美国你在"G"的归类里找他的CD,是找不到的。相反地,你得在"M"檔下去找。当然,如果是乐团或是单一名字的歌手来说,情况就不是这样了。在美国,你会在"M"档下找到玛丹娜,就像在台湾一样。

智慧补给站:

1.file n.档案 & vt.将……建档

keep sth on file 将某物建档

例:Help me keep all the information on file.

(帮我把这些资料一一建文档。)

2.As you all know,S+V 大家都知道

例:As you all know, Taiwan was struck by a large earthquake a few years ago.

(大家都知道,台湾几年前遭遇大地震。)

3.alphabetical a.按字母顺序的

例:The scholarship winners are listed in alphabetical order.

(奖学金得主是依字母顺序列出的。)

4.according to... 根据……

例:According to this book, humans originated in Africa.

(根据这本书,人类起源于非洲。)

5.family name 姓

=last name

=surname

first name 名

=given name

6.make a difference 造成不同

例:Your help will certainly make a difference.

(在你的帮助下肯定会有一番新气象。)

7.particular a.特别的, 特殊的

例:Did you have any particular restaurant in mind?

(你想到任何特别的餐厅吗?)

8.be different from... 和……不同

=differ from...

例:Apes are different from monkeys.

(猿跟猴是不一样的。)

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