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【BBC纪录片】佛教宝地 第16期:卧佛觉悟涅槃

所属教程:【BBC纪录片】佛教宝地

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2016年01月12日

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For Buddhists in Thailand, and other South Asiancountries, gold is an element that signifies homage.

对泰国和其他南亚国家的佛教徒来说,金是代表敬意的元素。

A gift of gold is the ultimate demonstration ofone's piety.

金制礼物是表示虔诚的终极体现。

The meritorious act of putting gold leaf on thesurface of a Buddha's skin is to commemorate theliving Buddha,

为佛像贴上金箔是为了纪念佛陀。

who had a golden-like aura, a radiance, they believe.

因为他们相信佛陀在世时有金子般的光晕环绕着他。

【BBC纪录片】佛教宝地 第16期:卧佛觉悟涅槃

But gold and its association with wealth and right is also the way Thai monarchs have used ashowy form of piety to forge a strong relationship between Buddha's ideas and the power ofthe state.

但黄金本身及其与财富、权力的联系是泰国君王展现虔诚的卖弄方式。并以此来伪造佛陀思想与国家权力之间的紧密联系。

It was King Rama III who had the statue of the reclining Buddha opulently restored at theheight of his reign in the mid-19th century.

19世纪中叶,国王拉玛三世在其统治的巅峰时期,将这尊卧佛像进行了修复。

It's called the Lion Pose, so, as he lay there in the lion pose as he was preparing to die.

这姿势叫做“狮姿”。佛陀在迎接死亡时就是以“狮姿”侧卧。

It's described that he lay down on his right side and he rested his head on his right hand.

他右胁着席,头枕在右手上,叠足安卧。

There is a reason that this Buddha has got such a serene smile - it's because he has achievedenlightenment, Nirvana.

佛陀能有如此安详的笑容是有原因的。这是因为他已经获得觉悟——涅槃。

It means that he has escaped what Buddhists call Samsara, an endless cycle of life,

这意味着他已经脱离佛教所称的“轮回”

of birth and death, of passion and desire and delusion, that can only lead to pain andsuffering.

一种生死相续,充满贪嗔痴的无尽的生命循环,而这只能导致痛苦与折磨。

Samsara effectively constitutes a cycle of birth and re-birth,

轮回有效地构筑了生与重生的循环,

and as long as we are in Samsara we are born innumerable times and moving from oneexistence to the next.

只要身处轮回,我们都将无数次地从一个存在转到下一个存在。

We can be re-born as a human being, as a divinity, or you can be re-born as an animal, etc.

下一世我们可能是人,也可能是神还可能作为动物等重生。

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