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德古拉是以真人为原型的?

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2019年12月31日

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Is Dracula based on a real person?

德古拉是以真人为原型的?

Dracula is the most famous vampire in pop culture but some might be surprised to learn that the character is inspired by a real person.

德古拉是流行文化中最著名的吸血鬼,但有些人可能会惊讶地发现,这个角色的灵感来自真人。

Very likely – Dracula was first introduced to the world in Bram Stoker’s 1897 Gothic novel, Dracula, and the author drew from popular Central European folktales to create his famous immortal character.

布拉姆·斯托克1897年出版的哥特式小说《德古拉》中,第一次将吸血鬼介绍给了世界。作者从中欧流行的民间故事中汲取灵感,创造了著名的不朽人物。

He also appeared to be inspired by the historical accounts of a 15th-century Romanian Prince named Vlad Tepes aka Vlad the Impaler.

他似乎还受到了15世纪罗马尼亚王子弗拉德·特佩斯(Vlad Tepes),也就是穿刺王弗拉德(Vlad the Impaler)的历史记载的启发。

德古拉是以真人为原型的?

Vlad was born in Transylvania, and was the second son of a nobleman called Vlad II Dracul.

弗拉德出生于特兰西瓦尼亚,是一个名叫弗拉德二世德古的贵族的次子。

So when Vlad was initiated into a secret order of Christian knights known as the Order of the Dragon, Vlad took the name Dracula – which means Son of Dracul.

所以当弗拉德加入一个秘密的基督教骑士团——龙的骑士团时,弗拉德取了德古拉这个名字,意思是德古拉之子。

While he was the ruler of Walachia, Dracula became pretty notorious for the brutal way he dealt with his enemies.

当他是瓦拉契亚的统治者时,德古拉因为他对待敌人的残忍方式而臭名昭著。

Torture, mutilation and mass murder were all options he liked to use, as well as decapitation, disembowelment and boiling/skinning his victims alive.

折磨、残害和大屠杀都是他喜欢使用的手段,还有斩首、开膛破肚和活活煮死/剥皮。

He was particularly fond of impalement (hence the nickname) and would often drive a wooden stake through the bodies of his enemies before leaving them to die of exposure.

他特别喜欢刺穿敌人的身体(因此有了这个绰号),他经常在敌人暴露前用木桩刺穿他们的身体。

Some rather gory rumors claims that Vlad loved to dine on the impaled bodies of his victims, and would even drip his bread into their blood.

一些相当血腥的谣言声称,弗拉德喜欢吃被刺穿的受害者的尸体,甚至会把他的面包滴到他们的血液里。


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