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这是煮咖啡最健康的方式,还可能延长你的寿命

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2020年05月22日

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The healthiest way to brew your coffee -- and possibly lengthen your life

这是煮咖啡最健康的方式,还可能延长你的寿命

For many of us, the day doesn't start off right until we have that cuppa joe.

对我们很多人来说,这一天直到喝了一杯咖啡才开始。

Just the aroma of that dark, rich brew can get our senses stirring, ready for the mood boost we know is coming.

仅仅是这种浓浓的黑咖啡的香气就能让我们的感官活跃起来,为我们所知的即将到来的好心情做好准备。

And it turns out that coffee's not just fine for your health, it may even lengthen your life -- but only if you prepare it with a filter, according to a new long-term study published Wednesday in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

周三发表在《欧洲预防心脏病学杂志》上的一项新的长期研究表明,咖啡不仅对健康有益,甚至可能延长你的寿命——但前提是你在准备咖啡时要加个过滤器。

这是煮咖啡最健康的方式,还可能延长你的寿命

"Unfiltered coffee contains substances which increase blood cholesterol. Using a filter removes these and makes heart attacks and premature death less likely," said study author Dag Thelle, a senior professor in the public health and community medicine department of the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

未经过滤的咖啡含有增加血液胆固醇的物质。该研究的作者、瑞典哥德堡大学公共卫生和社区医学系的高级教授达格·塞勒说:“使用过滤器可以去除这些因素,降低心脏病发作和过早死亡的可能性。”

"Our study provides strong and convincing evidence of a link between coffee brewing methods, heart attacks and longevity," Thelle said.

“我们的研究提供了强有力的和令人信服的证据,证明了咖啡冲泡方法、心脏病发作和寿命之间的联系,”塞勒说。

That's bad news for lovers of coffee made with the French press, or cafetière, that is so popular today, or those fond of strong Greek and Turkish brewing methods. Boiling coffee or using a coffee press can actually increase your risk of heart disease.

这对喜欢用法式滤压壶制作咖啡的人来说是个坏消息,这种咖啡如今非常流行,对那些喜欢浓郁的希腊和土耳其冲泡方法的人来说也是个坏消息。煮咖啡或使用咖啡压榨机实际上会增加你患心脏病的风险。

Drinking filtered coffee better for health

喝过滤咖啡更有益于健康

The new study followed over half a million healthy Norwegian men and women between the ages of 20 and 79 over a 20-year period.

这项新研究对50多万年龄在20岁到79岁之间的健康挪威男性和女性进行了为期20年的跟踪调查。

Results showed drinking boiled or pressed unfiltered coffee raised the risk of death in men aged 60 and above, due to elevated cardiovascular mortality.

结果显示,饮用煮过或压过的未经过滤的咖啡会增加60岁及以上男性的死亡风险,因为这会提高心血管疾病的死亡率。

But drinking filtered coffee -- that through a paper filter, for example, was found to be healthier than drinking no coffee at all.

但是喝过滤过的咖啡——例如,通过纸过滤器过滤的咖啡,被发现比完全不喝咖啡更健康。

Filtered coffee was linked to a 15% reduced risk of death from any cause, a 12% decreased risk of death from cardiovascular disease in men and a 20% lowered risk of death from heart disease in women when compared to drinking no coffee.

与不喝咖啡相比,过滤咖啡可降低15%的任何原因死亡风险,降低12%的男性心血管疾病死亡风险,降低20%的女性心脏病死亡风险。

In fact, the study found those who drank one to four cups of filtered coffee per day had the lowest mortality rate.

事实上,研究发现每天喝一到四杯过滤咖啡的人死亡率最低。

"The finding that those drinking the filtered beverage did a little better than those not drinking coffee at all could not be explained by any other variable such as age, gender or lifestyle habits. So we think this observation is true," Thelle said.

“研究发现,喝过滤咖啡的人比不喝咖啡的人表现稍好,这一发现无法用年龄、性别或生活习惯等其他变量来解释。所以我们认为这个观察结果是正确的。”塞勒说。

这是煮咖啡最健康的方式,还可能延长你的寿命

Evidence-based recommendations

以证据为基础的建议

The findings echo other research highlighting coffee's health benefits. According to the American Heart Association, filtered coffee can sharpen your mental focus, boost mood and improve performance during exercise.

这一发现与其他强调咖啡有益健康的研究不谋而合。据美国心脏协会称,过滤咖啡可以提高你的精神注意力,改善情绪,并在锻炼中提高表现。

The British Medical Journal published a huge umbrella study in 2017 that looked at over 200 analyses of the health benefits of coffee and that found drinking three to fours cups of black coffee a day provides the most health benefits overall.

《英国医学杂志》在2017年发表了一项大型综合研究,对咖啡的健康益处进行了200多项分析,发现每天喝三到四杯黑咖啡总体上对健康益处最大。

Those included lowering the risk of heart disease; numerous types of cancer; and neurological, metabolic and liver disorders; as well as overall mortality.

其中包括降低患心脏病的风险;多种癌症;神经、代谢和肝脏疾病;以及总死亡率。


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