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旅游英语景点介绍—北京天安门 Beijing Tian'an Men Square

所属教程:中国著名景点英语导游词

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2017年02月08日

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  【简介】天安门坐落在中国北京市中心,故宫的南端,与天安门广场隔长安街相望,是明清两代北京皇城的正门。设计者为明代的御用建筑匠师蒯祥。天安门始建与明朝永乐十五年(1417年),时称为承天门。清朝顺治八年(1651年)更名为天安门。1925年10月10日,国立故宫博物院成立,天安门始对民众开放。1949年10月1日,在这里举行了中华人民共和国的开国大典,它由此被设计入国徽,并成了中华人民共和国的象征之一。1961年,天安门被中华人民共和国国务院公布为第一批全国重点文物保护单位之一。\

tian’anmen( the gate of heavenly peace), is located in the center of beijing. it was first built in 1417 and named chengtianmen( the gate of heavenly succession). at the end of the ming dynasty, it was seriously damaged by war. when it was rebuilt under the qing in 1651, it was renamed tian’anmen, and served as the main entrance to the imperial city, the administrative and residential quarters for court officials and retainers. the southern sections of the imperial city wall still stand on both sides of the gate. the tower at the top of the gate is nine-room wide and five –room deep. according to the book of changes, the two numbers nine and five, when combined, symbolize the supreme status of a sovereign.during the ming and qing dynasties, tian’anmen was the place where state ceremonies took place. the most important one of them was the issuing of imperial edicts, which followed these steps:

1) the minister of rites would receive the edict in taihedian( hall of supreme harmony), where the emperor was holding his court. the minister would then carry the decree on a yunpan( tray of cloud), and withdraw from the hall via taihemen( gate of supreme harmony)

2) the minister would put the tray in a miniature longting( dragon pavilion). beneath a yellow umbrella and carry it via wumen( meridian gate), to tian’anmen gate tower.

3) a courtier would be invested to proclaim the edict. the civil and military officials lining both sides of the gateway beneath the tower would prostrate themselves   in the direction of the emperor in waiting for the decree to the proclaimed.

4) the courtier would then put the edict in a phoenix-shaped wooden box and lower it from the tower by means of a silk cord. the document would finally be carried in a similar tray of cloud under a yellow umbrella to the ministry of rites.

5) the edict, copied on yellow paper, would be made known to the whole country.
such a process was historically recorded as “ imperial edict issued by golden phoenix”.during the ming and qing dynasties tian’anmen was the most important passage. it was this gate that the emperor and his retinue would go through on their way to the altars for ritual and religious activities


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