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> 英语语法 > 初中英语语法讲解(文本加音频) >  第26课

初中语法讲解:情态动词(2)-1

所属教程:初中英语语法讲解(文本加音频)

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2017年03月10日

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http://online2.tingclass.net/lesson/shi0529/0009/9967/26.mp3
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[00:00.00]shall和should

[00:10.28]1 shall作为情态动词用于第二、三人称,表示说话人的意愿,

[00:38.31]有“命令,警告,威胁,强制,允诺”等意思

[00:46.12]You shall do as Isay.

[00:56.76]Tell her that sheshall have the moneynext week.

[01:10.42]2 在疑问句中,shall用于第一、三人称,表示说话人征询对方的意见或请求指示

[01:21.07]Shall I turn on theradio?Shall he come atonce?

[01:50.69]3 should表示“劝告,建议”

[01:57.61]We should keep ourpromise.You should help eachother.

[02:20.14]You should have comehere earlier.

[02:39.83]We shouldn't haveleft the classroom w-ithout the teacher'spermission.

[03:10.88]4 should还可以表示“预测,可能”

[03:14.96]He should be here bynow.They should be onthe playground.

[03:36.25]will和would

[03:44.41]1 will表示“意志,意愿”,可以用于各种人称

[03:49.73]I will tell you allabout itHe will never gothere again.

[04:02.50]2 在疑问句中用于第二人称时,表示询问对方的意愿或向对方提出请求

[04:12.44]Will you have a cupof tea?

[04:16.52]His father will tryto mend the bikehimself.

[04:31.24]3 表示预料或习惯性动作,意思是“总是,惯于”

[04:38.69]Fish will die out ofwater.

[04:49.69]The girl will sitthere reading booksfor hours.

[05:03.35]4 would表示过去时间的“意志,愿望”,用于各种人称

[05:12.05]I promised that Iwould buy her a car.They said they wouldbe careful next time.

[05:37.77]5 would表示说话人向对方提出请求,语气委婉,指的是现在时间

[05:49.83]I would like(I'dlike)to study abroad.Would you like someapples?

[06:08.46]6 表示过去的习惯The little boy wouldsit like that forhours.

[06:22.30]Every Christmas wewould go and see him.

[06:39.86]ought to

[06:49.30]1 ought to表示应该做某事,与should相比,语气稍强

[06:58.43]We ought to take theteacher's advice.

[07:12.03]She ought to lookafter her studentsbetter.

[07:21.87]Ought they to startnow?Yes,I think theyought to

[07:40.38]He ought to be puni-shed,oughtn't he?

[08:02.17]2 ought to have done,ought not to havedone

[08:16.94]You ought to havethrown the coat away.(=but you did not)

[08:29.82]He oughtn't have hithim.(=but you did)

[08:57.47]情态动词练习填空

[09:07.79]1 You[needn't](not)talk so loud;I can hear you.

[09:28.88]2 You[shouldn't/oughtn't to](not)talk so loud;you'll wake the baby.

[09:55.12]3 Who[can]tell thedifference betweenthese two words?

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