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课本中不会教你的[A]49、although和though

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2018年06月13日

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49 although和though

① although和though引导让步状语从句,although较正式。although和though引导的从句可放在句首或句尾;位于句首时,常用逗号与主句隔开,位于句尾时,用不用逗号都可以。

Although/Though they are poor,they are kind. 他们虽穷,但却善良。

Although/Though she is young,she has much knowledge. 她虽年轻,但知识很丰富。

He is strong although he is very old. 他虽然年事已高,但仍很健壮。

② although和though不能同but在同一句中连用,也就是说,用了although和though,便不能用but,用了but,便不能用although或though。

这本书虽然贵,但却值得买。

The book is dear,but it is worth buying.

Although the book is dear,it is worth buying.

Although the book is dear,but it is worth buying.

③ though可用于倒装句中,而although则不可。

Rich though she is,she is not happy. 她虽然很有钱,但并不幸福。

④ though可以用作连词,并可以用作副词,放在句尾,表示"不过,可是",而although则不可。

He is an old though strong man. 他是个年迈但很强壮的人。

It is hard work;I like it,though. 这是件艰苦的工作,但是我喜欢。

A:It's a beautiful skirt. 这件裙子真漂亮。

B:It's very expensive,though. 不过,倒是挺贵的。

⑤ though可表示假设的情况,不指事实,从句用虚拟语气,although则不能这样用。

He will never do such a thing though he(should)be forced to. 他即使被迫也不会做这种事。

⑥ though还可同别的词结合,如as though(仿佛),even though(即使),what though(尽管......有什么关系)等,although则不可。

I'll leave even though it rains tomorrow. 即使明天下雨,我也要动身了。

What though the way is long?路远又有什么关系呢?

⑦ though引导的从句的主谓语如果是系表结构,可省略从句的主语和be动词。

This article is very important though(it is)short. 这篇文章虽短,但很重要。

Though liking the car,I haven't enough money to buy it. (因为从句不是含有be动词的系表结构)

Though fond of the car,I haven't enough money to buy it.


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