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课本中不会教你的[I]377 in order to,so as to和in order that 都可表示目的,意为“为了,以便”

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2018年12月24日

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377 in order to,so as to和in order that 都可表示目的,意为“为了,以便”

① in order to+动词原形和so as to+动词原形都可以放在句中。

She got up early in order to/so as to/catch the first bus. 她早早起了床,以便赶上头班车。

The doctors gave her a general checkup so as to/in order to find out the cause of her illness. 医生给她做了全身检查,以便找出她的病因。

② in order to可放在句首,而so as to则不可。

In order to win the watch,they practised hard. 为了赢得比赛,他们刻苦训练。

In order to get good results,we ought to do our best to study the lessons. 为了获得好成绩,我们应尽最大努力学好课程。

③ so as to可分开用,而in order to则不可。

The teacher spoke so slowly as to be understood by the students. 老师说得很慢,以便学生能听得懂。

The policeman ran so fast as to catch the robber. 那位警察跑得很快,以便能抓住抢劫犯。

④ so as to有否定形式 so as not to,而in order to则没有。

She went in quietly so as not to wake the baby. 她轻轻地进去,以免把婴儿吵醒。

He started early so as not to be bate. 他早早动了身,以免迟到。

⑤ in order that后跟从句,引导目的状语从句,相当于 so that,句中谓语常含有 can,may,might,could 等情态动词。

I lent her some money in order that she could go for a holiday. 我借给了她一些钱,以便她能去度假。

He saved much money in order that he might buy a car. 他存了许多钱,以便能买辆车。

提示

如果 in order that 所引导的从句主语同主句主语一致,可以转换为 in order to+动词原形结构。

我们学习知识,这样,我们就能变得聪明起来。

We learn in order that we can become wise.

提示

so…as to 可引导结果状语从句,相当于 enough to。

The explosion was so loud as to be heard twenty miles away. 爆炸声很大,20英里外都听得见。(=loud enough to be heard)

He studied so hard as to catch up with his classmates. 他刻苦学习,赶上了同学。(=hard enough to catch up with)


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