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课本中不会教你的[K]425 known for,known to,known+to v.和get to know

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2019年01月01日

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425 known for,known to,known+to v.和get to know

① 下面几种结构含义不同:

be known as作为……知名,被称作是,叫作(后接“身份”名词)

be known by凭……而知(by表示手段式标准,意为“凭借,通过”)

be known for因……而闻名,因……而众所周知

be known to为……所知,人们知道(不用介词by)

She was well known as an excellent writer. 她是一位公认的优秀作家。

He is known to everybody in the neighbourhood. 邻里都熟悉他。

One can be known by his words and deeds. 观其言行,知其人品。

A man is known by the company he keeps. 见其交友,知其为人。

The mountain is known for its beautiful scenery. 这座山因风景优美而著名。

She is known to be good at folk dance. 人们知道她擅长民间舞蹈。

提示

①It is known that意为“众所周知”。

It is known to us that China has a long history. 我们都知道,中国有着悠久的历史。

②know与know of有所不同。know表示“知道,认识”;know of表示“知道有关情况,听说过”。

I don't know the musician,but I know of him. 我不认识这位音乐家,但我是晓得他的。

② get to know表示的是终止性动作,而know则表示持续性动作。

比较

When did you know her?

When did you get to know her?

你什么时候认识她的?

I've known Alice for ten years.

I got to know Alice ten years ago.

我认识艾丽丝已经10年了。

提示

know表示“见到过,听到过”,可用于“know+宾语+不定式”结构。

I know this to be a fact. 我听说这是事实。

I've never known him to tell lies. 我从没听说他撒谎。

I've never known her to lose her temper. 我从没见过她发脾气。


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