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高中语法专练:i. 关系代词that, who

所属教程:全新高中英语语法专练

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2020年05月14日

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i. 关系代词that, who

1. that, who用来指人,在从句中用作主语或宾语,可互换使用;that也可用来指物,但是不能用who指物。

They are the boys who/that I got to know at school.

他们是我上学时认识的男生。

2. 关系代词who, that在从句中作宾语时,常可省略。

This is the pen (that) I bought the day before yesterday.

这是我前天买的那支钢笔。

Do you know the new teacher (who/that) my father is talking to?

你认识我父亲正在与其谈话的那位新老师吗?

3. 在从句中作主语时,从句谓语与先行词在人称和数上保持一致。

I don't know the students who are talking aloud.

我不认识那些正在大声谈话的学生。

He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man.

不到长城非好汉。

4. 一般说来,人们倾向于用who指人,用that指物,尤其在口语中。

Mike's father is a driver that/who can only drive a taxi.

迈克的父亲是一个只会开出租车的司机。

This is the book that I'm looking for.

这就是我正在找的那本书。

专项练习

1. The six blind men asked for money from people _______ by.

A. passed

B. who passed

C. who were passed

D. who passing

2. Mr. Brown is the very person _______ can help us to solve the problem.

A. which

B. whom

C. that

D. of whom

3. Ms Chancery is the teacher _______.

A. I like her best

B. I like best

C. that I like her best

D. whom like best

4. He is a man _______ means what he says.

A. whom

B. whose

C. which

D. who

5. The woman _______ was John's wife.

A. I spoke to her

B. whom I spoke to her

C. that I spoke

D. I spoke to

答案速查 1-5 BCBDD


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