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高中语法专练:viii. 关系代词在从句中作主语时的主谓一致

所属教程:全新高中英语语法专练

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2020年05月21日

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viii. 关系代词在从句中作主语时的主谓一致

1. 从句谓语动词要与先行词在人称和数上保持一致。

I have read the books which are on the shelf.

我读完了书架上的那些书。

The boy who is standing there is my brother.

那边站着的那个男孩是我弟弟。

2. “one of + the + 复数名词”作先行词时,若one前面有限定词,从句谓语与one保持一致;否则,用复数。

The boy is one of the students who haven't been to Beijing.

这个男孩是没有去过北京的学生之一。

The boy is the only one of the students who has been to Beijing.

这个男孩是学生们中唯一去过北京的。

I've never seen one of the films that were introduced by you.

我从来没有看过你介绍的任何一部电影。

He is the only one of the teachers in our school that knows Japanese.

他是我校教师们中唯一懂日语的老师。

3. what在从句中作主语,从句谓语一般用单数,或与表语保持一致:

What has been done can't be done again.

已经做过的事情不能再做了。

What he asked for were two books .

他要的是两本书。

4. 集体名词作先行词根据意义一致原则,强调整体时从句谓语用单数,强调个体成员时,从句谓语用复数形式。

Mr. Smith's family who are all workers are having a party.

史密斯先生家现在在开晚会,全家都是工人。

Our football team which is made up of 12 members was defeated in the match last week.

我们由12人组成的足球队上周被打败了。

专项练习

1. Why! I have nothing to confess. _______ you want me to say?

A. What is it that

B. What it is that

C. How is it that

D. How it is that

2. Mr. Herpin is one of the foreign experts who _______ in China.

A. works

B. is working

C. are working

D. has been working

3. What he wants to get from his parents _______ nothing but money.

A. are

B. is

C. was

D. were

4. The family who _______ upstairs _______ all model workers.

A. lives, are

B. live, is

C. lives, is

D. live, are

5. The class _______ in the next room _______ Class 5.

A. that are, is

B. who is, is

C. which is, is

D. who are, are

答案速查 1-5 ACBDC


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