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高中语法专练:vii. 动名词需要注意的问题

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2020年07月02日

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vii. 动名词需要注意的问题

1. need, want, deserve, repay, require, bear, take, stand等表示“需要,值得,忍受,经受” 等动词后,动名词常用主动式表示被动意义。

That needs explaining .

那需要解释。

The situation requires careful handling .

情况需要认真处理。

Your hair wants cutting.

你的头发需要理。

Her words won't bear repeating .

她的话重复不得。

The book repays reading and re-reading .

这本书值得一读再读。

English is worth learning well.

英语值得学好。

上述几个动词,除了bear, take, stand外,都可用不定式被动式,意义不变。

The poor old man deserves to be looked after.

这个贫穷的老人值得照料。

The windows need to be cleaned.

窗户需要擦干净。

2. be worth doing, be worthy of being done= be worthy to be done表示被动意义。

English is worth learning .

= English is worthy of being learned .

= English is worthy to be learned .

英语值得一学。

3. 常用动名词的结构如下,记住这些结构非常重要:

1)to have difficulty/trouble/pleasure in doing sth.在做某事方面感到困难/快乐

Do you have any difficulty understanding spoken English?

你理解英语口语方面有困难吗?

2)there is difficulty/trouble/pleasure/in doing sth.在做某事方面感到困难/快乐

There's no pleasure (in) working with him.

和他在一起工作没有什么快乐。

3)to have a pleasant/good time in doing sth.做某事很快乐。

We had a pleasant time (in) staying here.

我们在这里过得很愉快。

4)to have a time in doing sth. 费很大力气做(注意区分:to have time to do sth.意为“有时间做”)

They had a hard time in settling the trouble.

他们费了很大劲儿处理了这一麻烦事。

We have no time to go to see her.

我们没有时间去看她。

5)to waste/spend time/money/energy doing sth.浪费时间/金钱/精力做某事

They wasted no time stopping the pollution.

他们迅速地地阻止了污染。

6)be busy in doing sth./busy oneself in doing sth.忙于做某事

The teachers are busy in preparing for the final examination.

老师们忙着为期终考试做准备。

7)to burst out laughing/crying突然笑了/哭了

On hearing the news, they burst out crying .

一听到这个消息,他们突然哭了。

8)to be any/some/no use doing sth. = be of any/some/no use doing sth.做某事有用/没用

Is it any use trying to persuade him to stay here for another 2 days?

试图劝他再待两天有用吗?

9)it's fun/good/a waste of time/a bore/such an encouragement doing sth.做某事是快乐的/是有好处的/是浪费时间/是没有意思的/是件令人鼓舞的事

It is no good staying here any longer.

在这里再待下去没有好处。

10)it's enjoyable/foolish/better/nice/rather tiring/interesting/pointless/worthwhile/terrible/crazy doing sth.做某事是让人高兴的/愚蠢的/更好/令人累的/有意思的/无意义的/值得的/是疯了

It is worthwhile devoting much more energy to study.

在学习上付出更多的精力是值得的。

11)there is no ... bearing/telling/saying/accounting for/hiding/going out做……是不可能的

There's no telling what he's going to do.

讲明白他要干什么是不可能的。

12)of one's doing(=done by oneself)自己做的。

I didn't know this had been of your doing .

我原来不知道这件事是你自己做的。

13)What/How about doing sth.?做某事意下如何?

What about having a rest?

休息一会儿好吗?

14)What do you say to doing sth.? 做某事意下如何?

What do you say to going to the cinema with me tonight?

今晚和我去看一场电影怎么样?

15)to spend one's time/money in doing sth.在做某事方面花钱/花时间

She spent much time in going shopping.

她把很多时间都花在购物上了。

16)lose no time in doing sth.不失时机做某事

She lost no time in calling me after she arrived in Beijing.

她到北京后不失时机地给我打了电话。

17)be long in doing sth. 干事情很慢

He won't be long in making up his mind.

过不了多久他就会下定决心的。

18)there is no use/point in/of doing sth.做某事是没有用处/意义的

There's no point in trying to persuade him to give up smoking.

试图劝说他戒烟是没有意义的。

There's no point in trying to communicate with him.

试图与他交流没有意义。

19)what's the use/point/good of doing sth.做某事有什么用?

What's the good of bragging ?

吹牛皮有什么用处呢?

20)be through with doing sth. 做完某事

When he was through (with) speaking , he got up and left.

说完了话,他就起身走了。

21)No doing.

不准做某事

No spitting !

不许吐痰!

22)it goes without saying that ... 是不用说的

It goes without saying that children shouldn't be given knives to play with.

不应该给孩子们刀子玩,这是不用说的。

23)make a point of doing特别注意(做某事)

I always make a point of remembering my mother's birthday.

我总特注意记着妈妈的生日。

24)be on the point of doing = be about to do快要

I was on the point of speaking to him when he left.

我就要与他说话呢,他走了。

25)never/not ... without doing = whenever没有……而不

He cannot speak English without making mistakes.

他一说英语就出错。

专项练习

1. The problem was difficult, but it was worth _______ out.

A. work

B. to work

C. being worked

D. working

2. The old peasant preferred _______ in the field to _______ at home in his free time.

A. to walk around; staying

B. walking around; staying

C. walking around; to stay

D. to walk around; to stay

3. You should do some reading instead of _______ TV all the time.

A. to watch

B. you watching

C. you watch

D. watching

4. Besides _______ , she is kind and considerate.

A. pretty and clever

B. being pretty and clever

C. her pretty and clever

D. she is pretty and clever

5. What about _______ fishing together with us this afternoon?

A. we go

B. we going

C. going

D. to go

答案速查 1-5 DBDBC


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