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高中语法专练:iii. it作为形式宾语

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2020年08月03日

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iii. it作为形式宾语

1. it作为形式宾语,被放置在谓语动词后面,无实际意义,而真正的宾语由动名词、动词不定式或宾语从句担任,被后置。

You'll find it enjoyable working here.

你会发现在这里工作很惬意。

We find it difficult to learn English well in such a short time.

我们觉得在这么短时间内学好英语很困难。

We made it clear when and where we were going to have the meeting.

我们已经明确了何时何地我们要开会。

2. 通常用it作形式宾语的句型:

1)think/make/find/feel/consider it +形容词/名词+ to do sth.

We find it difficult to change the schedule now.

我们觉得现在改变日程安排是困难的。

I find it not so difficult to learn a foreign language.

我发现学习一门外语并不难。

2)think/make/find/feel/consider it +形容词/名词+ that ...

They found it difficult that they would finish their work in two days.

我们发现在两天内完成工作很困难。

We make it a rule that we must get up early and do morning exercises every day.

我们规定每天早上早起并做早操。

3)I'd appreciate it if ...

I'd appreciate it if you could help carry the box for me.

若你能帮我扛箱子我会很感激你的。

4)take it for granted that ...

Children take it for granted that parents must meet all that they need.

孩子们想当然地觉得父母必须满足他们的需求。

5)see to it that ...

See to it that you are not late again.

注意你不要再迟到了。

6)hate it that/when ...

I hate it when people talk with their mouth full.

我不喜欢人们说话时候满嘴食物。

7)owe it to sb. that ...

I own it to her that I may have made mistakes.

我向她承认我也许犯了错误。

专项练习

1. I don't think _______ possible to complete the task without good preparation.

A. this

B. that

C. he

D. it

2. I hate _______ when people talk with their full mouth.

A. it

B. that

C. these

D. them

3. He _______ to do morning exercise in the park.

A. took a rule

B. made a rule

C. made it a rule

D. took it a rule

4. I would appreciate _______ you would turn off the TV set.

A. that

B. it if

C. these if

D. it that

5. I think _______ hard for you _______ the task on your own.

A. it is; do

B. this; to do

C. that is; doing

D. it; to do

6. Don't _______ for granted that he will keep his promise.

A. take that

B. take it

C. make that

D. make it

7. He soon _______ why he had done it.

A. spoke clearly

B. made it clear

C. told clear

D. said it clear

8. Do you think _______ no use _______ another apology to him?

A. it; to make

B. it is; make

C. it; making

D. that; of making

9. We should regard _______ as a social duty to help these poor and homeless people.

A. ourselves

B. these

C. it

D. us

10. I found _______ to watch the football match on TV.

A. it relaxing

B. that is relaxing

C. it relaxed

D. that is relaxed

答案速查 1-5 DACBD 6—10 BBCCA


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