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高中语法专练:ii. 虚拟语气在宾语从句中的用法

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2020年09月02日

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ii. 虚拟语气在宾语从句中的用法

在表示一“坚持”(insist),二“命令”(order, command),三“建议” (suggest, propose, advise),四“要求”(ask, require, request, demand)等动词的宾语从句中表示虚拟,其从句谓语用“(should)+动词原形”。

I asked that she (should) return my bike.

我要求她归还我的自行车。

They demanded that their wages be raised .

他们要求涨工资。

注意:

1)that在这些从句中,通常不省略。

He insisted that he hadn't stolen the money and shouldn't be punished.

他坚持没有偷那钱,不应该受到惩罚。

2)suggest作“暗示,表明”讲时,insist作“坚持认为”讲时,后面的宾语从句不用虚拟语气。

Her pale face suggested that she was ill and her parents suggested that she have a medical examine.

她苍白的脸色暗示她病了,她的父母建议她进行一次医疗检查。

专项练习

1. My uncle suggested that I _______ a job in a bank.

A. got

B. would

C. should get

D. must get

2. They insisted that a meeting _______ as soon as possible.

A. be held

B. was held

C. must be held

D. hold

3. She ran as if she _______ wings on her feet.

A. had

B. has

C. has had

D. is having

4. I'd rather you _______ that.

A. don't

B. won't do

C. hadn't done

D. haven't done

5. I wish the train _______ so late; then I could have got home before breakfast.

A. hadn't arrived

B. didn't arrive

C. wouldn't arrived

D. mustn't arrive

答案速查 1-5 CAACA


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