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LECTURE 5 基本动词 BRING 2

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2020年05月20日

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LECTURE 5 基本动词 BRING 2

词组讲解

1. bring 〔call〕 sb. to account *要求作出解释

解 俚语;词义溯源:迫使某人作出[说明、解释、解答(account)]

例 Iwant those bastards brought to account. I want each of them to stand in front of this committee and tell us why they failed to follow our wishes and what they did with the funds. You tell them I said I want them at our next meeting and that if they don't come, they'll regret it.

2. bring sb. up to date on sb. or sth. / bring sb. up to date **告知某人…的近况;使现代化,使不过时

解 习语;词义溯源:给某人带来有关某人或某事的[最近的、最新的(up to date)]消息

例 Notice All WordPerfect 6. 0 Users: The computer room's library now receives the monthly WordPerfect Newsletter. The newsletter can bring you up to date on the latest applications for WP 6. 0 and has a lot of information on the WP Board system.

3. bring sth. about / bring about sth. ***使发生,引起

解 短语动词;词义溯源:把某物带到[周围(around)]

例 The threat of sanctions has not brought about any noticeable change in their determination to go ahead with its nuclear program. Mr. Smith, a politics expert, predicts that even actual sanctions will not cause them to waver. “They've pretty much succeeded in their self-reliance campaign,” Mr. Smith explained his prediction. “Besides, they're already so isolated that sanctions really couldn't isolate them any further. ”

4. bring sth. into question **使被讨论;使被怀疑;使(人们)进一步考虑某事

解 习语;词义溯源:使(人们)对某事产生[怀疑(question)]

例 You've got to find those two documents. Missing documents may bring our accounting practices into question. Let me know the moment you do, so I can rest my mind.

5. bring sth. to a halt **使停止,使终止

解 习语;词义溯源:使某物处于[停止、静止(halt)]的状态

例 There was a nationwide strike by train and subway engineers brought rail service to a halt. Tens of thousands of commuters were left stranded and the government was forced to enact emergency measures to get the trains moving again. One measure was to train soldiers to engineer the trains.

巩固练习

(A) bringing to account

(B) bring...up to date

(C) bring about

(D) bring...into question

(E) bring...to a halt

1. A: Mr. Jin, tell me what's happening on the Dong-A Technics contract. What are the latest developments? B: I've got to attend a 10:30 meeting. Could I ______ you ______ later? Perhaps over lunch?

2. A: It's going to require more than his so-called “Be Friendly Campaign” to ______ a change in the workers' attitude toward customers. B: You're right. Something like a fat pay raise would make it happen a whole lot faster. He's wasting his time trying to effect changes by appealing to the workers' sense of duty.

3. A: Be careful. Publicly supporting Mr. Daly's campaign could raise suspicion that you owe him some kind of favor. B: Oh, the press can ______ my integrity ______ all they want. It doesn't matter anymore—I'm retiring next month!

4. A: The Construction Ministry has ordered Three Moon Co. to stop all work on the tunnel until a full investigation into the tragedy is made. B: I guess that's going to ______ our operation ______ as well. We can't do anything until their work begins again.

5. A: Mr. President, some people have accused you of being weak for not ______ those responsible for the tragedy. B: Well, they're wrong to think that. I have already demanded a full explanation from each department involved.

■ ANSWER

1. (B)

2. (C)

3. (D)

4. (E)

5. (A)

参考译文

I. 1. 这些混蛋必须作出解释。我得让他们每个人在委员会面前说清楚,为什么没能达成我们的意愿,他们用那些资金做了什么。你告诉他们,就说我让他们参加下次的大会,如果不来的话,他们会后悔的。

2. WordPerfect 6. 0的所有用户请注意:计算机室图书馆新到《WordPerfect通讯》月刊。该月刊将为您提供最新的WP 6. 0应用信息和WP电子布告栏系统中的信息。

3. 制裁的威胁并没有给他们进行核计划的决心带来明显的变化。政治学家史密斯先生预测,即便真的采取制裁措施也无法让他们动摇。对于该预测,史密斯先生的解释是:“他们的自力更生运动非常成功。而且,他们一直非常孤立,制裁无法使他们更孤立。”

4. 你必须找到这两份文件。丢失文件会使我们的会计业务招人议论。一旦找到马上告诉我,好让我放心。

5. 火车和地铁司机曾举行过一次全国范围的大罢工,使铁路运输陷入瘫痪。成千上万上下班的乘客被困,政府被迫采取紧急措施恢复通车。其中一条措施是训练士兵开火车。

II. 1. A:金先生,告诉我Dong-A工艺合同出什么问题了。有什么最新进展吗?B:我十点半要参加一个会议。能不能等一会儿再告诉你最新消息?或者在吃午饭的时候?

2. A:想使员工对顾客的态度产生变化,搞他所谓的 “友好活动” 是远远不够的。B:你说得对。类似大幅涨薪这样的措施才会很快起作用。他想通过唤起员工的责任感来达到改革的目的,纯粹是在浪费时间。

3. A:小心点。公开支持戴利先生的竞选可能会让人怀疑你欠他的人情。B:我的正直可能会招致媒体的议论,无所谓——我下个月就要退休了!

4. A:建设部已经要求,在这起事故的全面调查完成之前,三月公司停止在隧道的所有工作。B:我想这也会使我们的工作停下来。在他们重新开工之前,我们什么也做不了。

5. A:总裁先生,有人指责您在追究这起事故的责任时过于软弱。B:他们不应该这么想。我已经要求所有相关部门作出详细的解释。


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