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LECTURE 6 基本动词 CALL 1

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2020年05月20日

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LECTURE 6 基本动词 CALL 1

词组讲解

1. call a halt to sth. / call a halt **请求或要求停止;停止前进;停止进攻

解 习语;词义溯源:要求某物[停止、静止(halt)]

例 The President called a halt to the war exactly 100 hours after it started. Many military officers blamed him for caring too much about the “packaging” of the war and not enough about achieving the goal of eliminating the enemy.

2. call a meeting **召开会议

解 习语;词义溯源:召集人们来开[会(meeting)]

例 Mr. Jiang has called a meeting for tomorrow at 3:30 PM in the executive conference room. All branch managers are expected to attend. If you cannot attend (and it had better be for a really good reason) please fax this office by close of business today (we finish daily at 5:00 PM, so before 5:00).

3. call a spade a spade **直言不讳,实话实说

解 习语;词义溯源:把[(扑克牌中的)黑桃(spade)]叫做黑桃

例 Don't be afraid to call a spade a spade. As an independent mediator, you're expected to give an honest appraisal of the situation. Identify exactly who's at fault and then don't be afraid to report it exactly the way you see it. Everybody involved will respect you a whole lot more if you do.

4. call it a day **(今天)到此为止;宣布当天工作结束

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:把…看做[一天的劳动时间(a day)]

例 That's it folks—everybody go home. I'm calling it a day. We can finish this stuff tomorrow. Thanks for working so hard—we'll see you all in the morning. Don't forget to turn out the lights as you're leaving.

5. call it quits **停止争执;终止关系;停止工作(或玩乐)

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:把…看做[互不相欠的、断绝关系的(quits)]

例 Have you heard? Patrick Gallihan has called it quits. I heard it on the radio. He's decided to end his campaign for the presidency for what he said were “personal reasons. ” Isn't this great? With him out of the race, Bobby Linseed is almost definitely going to win!

巩固练习

(A) called a halt to

(B) called a meeting

(C) calls a spade a spade

(D) calling it a day

(E) called it quits

1. A: I like Bill's style. When he evaluates an employee's performance, he's frank and direct, no matter how unpleasant the truth may be. B: You're right, he certainly ______, but I think he should be a little more considerate of the employee's feelings.

2. A: Ms. Lee, you can go home now, there's nothing else for you to do. B: Are you ______ too, sir? A: No, I wish I could say I'm finished with my work, but I'm not. Don't worry though. Go on home—I'll be okay.

3. A: I worked on the math formula for seven hours last night without any success. I finally ______ about two-thirty in the morning. How about you? Any luck with it? B: Seven hours? I gave up after only an hour!I knew I'd never get it right.

4. A: Manila has ______ the trade talks with ASEAN because they feel they're being forced to concede too much. B: I think they're only hurting themselves. If they end the talks now, ASEAN will just go ahead without them.

5. A: Who ______, anyway? Why have we been asked to assemble? B: You don't know? Mr. Croxley himself requested to see all of the branch managers. That's why there's 100% attendance. When Croxley personally calls us together, you know it's something serious.

■ ANSWER

1. (C)

2. (D)

3. (E)

4. (A)

5. (B)

参考译文

I. 1. 战争开始整整100小时之后,总统宣布停止进攻。许多军方官员认为他过于顾虑战争的“包装”,而对实现消灭敌人的目标却不够关心。

2. 江先生要求明天下午3:30在高级会议室开会。届时,所有分公司经理均应参加。若无法参加(并且最好有非常合理的理由),请在今天下班前以传真形式通知本办公室(我们下班的时间为下午5:00,所以请在5:00之前发送传真)。

3. 要敢于实话实说。作为独立调解人,你应该对情况作出如实的评价。要认清有过错的一方,并且要敢于精确地报告你所见之事。这样,所有相关的人会更加尊重你。

4. 就这样吧,各位,大家都回家吧。今天到此为止。我们可以明天完成这项任务。感谢大家这么辛苦地工作,明早见。走的时候,别忘了关灯。

5. 你听说了吗?帕特里克·格里汉已经停止参选了。我是从广播里听到的。他决定退出总统竞选,据他说是因为“个人原因”。这难道不是个好消息吗?他退出竞选之后,几乎可以肯定,博比·林西德将会赢得竞选!

II. 1. A:我喜欢比尔的风格。在评价员工的表现时,不论结果多么令人不愉快,他总是非常坦白、直接。B:是的。他总是直言不讳,但是我觉得他也应该多考虑一下员工的感受。

2. A:李女士,你现在可以回家了。这里没有什么事要你做了。B:您也要下班吗,先生?A:我也希望所有工作已经完成了,但是还没有。不过,不用担心我。你回家就行——我没事。

3. A:昨晚上,我花了七个小时来解这个数学方程式,却没有解出来。最后在凌晨两点半的时候,我还是放弃了。你呢?你做出来了吗?B:七个小时?我只做了一个小时就放弃了!我知道我永远也算不出正确答案。

4. A:马尼拉方面已经停止了与东盟的会谈,因为他们认为被迫作出了太多让步。B:我想这样做吃亏的还是他们自己。如果他们现在结束会谈,那么东盟将在他们缺席的情况下继续开展工作。

5. A:是谁召开的会议?我们被召集起来是因为什么事?B:你不知道?克罗克斯莱先生要求与所有分公司经理见面。所以所有人都参会了。你知道当克罗克斯莱先生亲自召集我们的时候,肯定有重大的事情。


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