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LECTURE 8 基本动词 CALL 3

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2020年05月21日

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LECTURE 8 基本动词 CALL 3

词组讲解

1. call sb. or a place up ***打电话

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[向上(up)]呼叫某人或某地

例 I'd call Tim up, if I had a mobile phone. We really should call him and let him know about this. I mean, I know I'd want somebody to call me if my pet dog got hit by a car. Is there a public phone around here?

2. call one's attention to sth. / call sth. to one's attention **使注意

解 习语;词义溯源:引起某人对某物的[注意(attention)]

例 Dear Sirs, I'd like to call your attention to the advertisement you placed in the Chicago Herald Tribune on February 12th of this year. Please notice that there is no mention of a service charge. Your advertisement says the price of the dinner for six people is $56. The $10 service charge that your Highland Heights restaurant charged me is therefore not right (and not legal). You can only charge the price that is advertised. I request a refund of the $10 I paid.

3. call one's bluff **(打扑克时,认为对方只是虚张声势)诱使对方摊牌

解 习语;词义溯源:对[(在牌局中装作自己手里有大牌而)虚张声势(bluff)]的人叫牌

例 I'm tired of him threatening to “bring action against us. ” I doubt he even has enough money to afford a lawyer. It's all a bluff—nothing but an empty threat. It's time we called his bluff. Either he does what he says he can do or he shuts up and leaves us alone!

4. call the dogs off **停止追踪(或调查)

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:要求[狗(dogs)][停止(off)]追捕

例 The President himself had to order the FBI to call the dogs off. Their pressure on the A organization was starting to become politically embarrassing to the administration, especially at a time when his Secretary of State is engaged in negotiations with A organization's leaders to gain their recognition and acceptance of B organization.

5. call the shots 〔tune〕 **控制(局面),发号施令;定调子,决定一切

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:要求[开枪(shots)]或定[调子(tune)]

例 Be sure you talk to a person with authority. And don't be impressed with titles. Often the person who actually calls the shots is an aide or assistant. Save yourself time and effort—find the person who makes the decisions and talk with him.

巩固练习

(A) call...up

(B) call...to...attention

(C) call his bluff

(D) call the dogs off

(E) calls the shots

1. A: Who makes decisions on purchasing at Omega Accounting Ltd. ? B: Well, Mr. Jiang is the purchasing manager, but his assistant, Mr. Song, ______ actually. If you want to sell to Omega, talk to Song.

2. A: Hey, have you telephoned your mother yet? She's going to be worried sick about you. B: Yeah, you're probably right. I guess I'd better ______ her ______ tonight before she worries herself to death.

3. A: If you hadn't made them aware of the damaged walls in the basement, they would have bought the house. Why didn't you keep your mouth shut about it? Did you have to make them notice it? B: It's my duty as a reputable real estate agent to ______ such things ______ my clients' ______.

4. A: I think he's bluffing. B: So you think I should ______? A: Definitely. Make him prove he has the powerful connections that he says he does. If he does, we'll do what he says; but I really doubt he does.

5. A: I'll make a deal with you. Stop pursuing this investigation of my company, and I'll pass you some information which will help you convict Smith. B: Though I'd like to get Smith, I'm afraid I'm in no position to ______ at this stage. The media would go wild if I did that.

■ ANSWER

1. (E)

2. (A)

3. (B)

4. (C)

5. (D)

参考译文

I. 1. 如果我有手机的话,我就给蒂姆打电话了。我们真的应该打电话告诉他这件事。我是说,如果我的宠物狗被车撞了,我希望会有人打电话告诉我。这附近有没有公用电话?

2. 先生们,希望你们能注意一下你们今年2月12日在《芝加哥先驱论坛报》上做的广告。请注意,上面并没有提到服务费。你们的广告上说六个人的晚餐价格是56美元。所以你们高地餐厅收我10美元服务费是不对的(也是不合法的)。你们只能按广告上说的价格收费。我要求你们把我付的10美元退还给我。

3. 他威胁说要“起诉我们”,我已经受够了。我甚至怀疑他的钱够不够请律师。他只是在吓唬人——虚张声势而已。我们该揭穿他的把戏了。他要么说到做到,要么闭嘴,不要再烦我们!

4. 总统不得不亲自命令FBI停止调查。他们对于A组织的压力开始使当局面临政治上的麻烦,尤其是目前,国务卿正在跟A组织的领导人谈判,希望他们能够承认和接受B组织。

5. 一定要跟有权的人谈。别太在意头衔,通常真正有决定权的人往往是助手或者助理。节省时间和精力——找到决策人,跟他谈。

II. 1. A:欧米茄会计事务所里有采购决定权的是谁?B:江先生是采购部经理,但是实际上他的助手宋先生拥有决定权。如果你想向欧米茄出售的话,去跟宋谈谈吧。

2. A:嘿,你给你妈妈打电话了吗?她担心死你了。B:嗯,或许你说的对。我想我最好今晚就给她打电话,免得她太担心。

3. A:如果你不让他们知道地下室毁坏的墙壁,他们可能已经买下这栋房子了。你为什么不守口如瓶呢?你真的有必要告诉他们吗?B:作为一名声誉良好的房产代理,我有责任让我的客户注意到这些事情。

4. A:我想他只是在虚张声势。B:那么你觉得我应该揭穿他的把戏吗?A:当然了,让他证明自己拥有他说的那些强大的关系。如果他有,我们就按照他说的做;但是我对此非常怀疑。

5. A:我们做个交易吧。别再调查我的公司,我给你提供信息,帮你证明史密斯有罪。B:尽管我非常想抓到史密斯,但恐怕我现在不能停止调查。如果我停止调查的话,媒体会发疯的。


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