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LECTURE 10 基本动词 COME 2

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2020年05月22日

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LECTURE 10 基本动词 COME 2

词组讲解

1. come down hard on sb. or sth. / come down on sb. or sth. hard **严厉斥责

解 习语;词义溯源:[严厉地(hard)][下降(down)]到…[上面(on)]

例 Parents shouldn't come down hard on their children for poor school performance. Instead they should try talking with the child and his teachers. Often, taking a little interest in his situation is all it takes to correct the problem.

2. come down in the world **落魄

解 习语;词义溯源:从世界[掉落、落魄(down)]而来

例 Riding a motorcycle nowadays, Chuck? I remember when you used to drive around in a Cadillac. You've certainly come down in the world since then, haven't you?

3. come down to earth **(从幻想中)回到现实

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:[下降(down)]到[地面(earth)];down to earth用于表示“现实的,实际的”

例 The Malaysian economy has been growing at over 9% for the past five years. Mark Matterson, an analyst with Shearson investments, predicts this trend will continue at least three more years before growth “comes down to earth,” and stabilizes at about 4 percent.

4. come down to sth. ***归结为

解 〈口〉短语动词;词义溯源:[向下(down)]达到某种状态;参照boil down to sth.

例 It comes down to a question of whose authority it is to tax the people who live there.

5. come down with sth. ***染上(病)

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[由于(with)]某事(通常指病痛)变成[衰弱、躺下(down)]的状态

例 Koreans often wear a mask over their noses and mouths when they are sick. This helps prevent everybody else from coming down with the same illness.

巩固练习

(A) come down hard on

(B) come down in the world

(C) come down to earth

(D) comes down to

(E) come down with

1. A: Their expectations are unrealistic. There's no way they're going to get $4 million for the land. B: They'll ______ when they get no offers at the auction. A: Let's hope they get realistic expectations sooner than that.

2. A: Well, it's a complicated story, but what it ______ is money. They're opposed because they want the funds to be spent in their province. B: So the essence of their opposition is self-interests. That's basically it, isn't it?

3. A: Wear a coat. It's cold out and you might ______ a cold. B: Don't worry. I never get sick. I haven't caught a cold in ages.

4. A: If you get caught, Sergeant Lee is going to ______ you. B: I know he'll scold me severely for leaving the military base without his permission, but I've got to see my girlfriend. I've just got to! A: Okay, but don't say I didn't warn you.

5. A: Are you just going to sit around wasting away the fortune your father left you? You're on a downward slide. B: Why should you be concerned if I ______ a little? A: Because I'm your wife! Unfortunately, as you lose money and influence, I do too! You ought to let me control your finances.

■ ANSWER

1. (C)

2. (D)

3. (E)

4. (A)

5. (B)

参考译文

I. 1. 家长不应该因为孩子在学校表现不好而严厉斥责他们。相反,应该试着跟孩子和老师交流。通常,只需要对他的情况有点兴趣,就能解决问题。

2. 现在骑上摩托车了,查克?我记得你以前开着卡迪拉克到处转悠。你肯定从那时候起就开始落魄了吧?

3. 过去五年马来西亚经济的增长速度超过9%。希尔森投资公司的分析师马克·马特森预测这一增长趋势将至少持续三年,直到经济增速“恢复到真实水平”,稳定在4%左右。

4. 问题归结为谁有权力向住在那里的人征税。

5. 韩国人生病的时候通常会戴口罩遮住鼻子和嘴巴。以避免别人感染上同样的疾病。

II. 1. A:他们的期望不现实。这块地卖不到400万美元。B:等到拍卖中没有人出价的时候,他们就能面对现实了。A:希望他们能在此之前有个现实点的预期。

2. A:事情很复杂,但是归根结底还是钱的问题。他们之所以反对是因为他们希望这笔资金能用于他们省。B:所以他们反对的根本还在于自己的利益。基本上就是这样,对不对?

3. A:穿上外套。外面很冷,你会染上感冒的。B:别担心。我从来都不生病。我好多年不感冒了。

4. A:如果你被抓到,李队长会狠批你的。B:我知道,他肯定会因为我未经允许就离开军营而痛骂我。但是我得去见我女朋友。我必须得去!A:好吧。到时候别说我没提醒你。

5. A:你打算就这么无所事事地浪费你爸爸留给你的那些财产吗?你正在走下坡路。B:你为什么要担心我是不是落魄?A:因为我是你老婆!真倒霉,如果你没钱、没势力,我也一样!你应该让我来掌管你的财务。


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