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LECTURE 45 基本动词 GET 24

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2020年05月28日

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LECTURE 45 基本动词 GET 24

词组讲解

1. get 〔have, set, start〕 the ball rolling **启动,开个头;开张营业

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:使得球成为[滚动的、旋转的(rolling)]状态;keep the ball rolling表示“继续进行”

例 This summer has been designated as Clean Our City Summer by the city council. Residents are encouraged to “pick up litter, clean up vacant lots and plant flowers everywhere. ” To get the ball rolling, the Mayor will lead a clean-up crew made up of volunteers down Main Street on Saturday morning. Anyone who wishes to participate can...

2. get 〔have〕 the better of sb. / get the best of sb. **(竞争或交易过程中)战胜或压倒某人

解 习语;词义溯源:相比于某人,得到[更好的(the better)或最好的(the best)]

例 Tyson got the better of Sanchez for the first three rounds of the fight. But in the fourth round Sanchez showed his greater boxing experience and knocked Tyson out with a powerful left hook.

3. get 〔have〕 the blues **忧愁,忧伤

解 习语;词义溯源:得到[忧伤的情绪(the blues)]

例 I'm afraid I'm going to get the blues after we all graduate from high school. Everybody's going to go in different directions—jobs or university. I'm really going to miss you all.

4. get the boot *被赶出去,被解雇

解 俚语;词义溯源:遭受[解雇(the boot)]

例 He swore that he'd never use drugs again when he joined the basketball team, but later he got the boot at the team for using stimulants. The officials have made it clear that this time his expulsion is permanent.

5. get the cold shoulder **被无视;被拒绝;受冷落

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:遭受[冷落、漠视(the cold shoulder)];参照give sb. the cold shoulder

例 Though the government issued him a diplomatic visa to visit the country, he was far from welcomed. Except for the warm reception he got from an extreme rightist group upon his arrival, he got the cold shoulder from government officials at all levels.

巩固练习

(A) get the ball rolling

(B) get the better of

(C) get the blues

(D) got the boot

(E) getting the cold shoulder

1. A: You may have defeated me last year, but that was a year ago. I've been practicing every day. You won't ______ me this time. B: Yeah, right!We'll see. I'm going to crush you again!

2. Why don't you go ahead and go to the theater without me? Since Sun Yun left me, I get sad and depressed when I watch a love story. B: You've got to go. Even if you ______ at the movie, it's better than sitting here at home alone thinking about her. Let's go!

3. Tim says you guys ______ last night at the bar. What happened? B: Greg sneaked a small bottle of whiskey into the disco with him so he could save money. Drinks are damn expensive there. So anyway, a waiter caught him with the bottle and we all were forced to leave.

4. A: Sanchez, I couldn't help noticing that you're ______ from Maria. Is she angry with you? B: You noticed, did you? Yeah, she's ignoring me because I forgot yesterday was her birthday. Don't worry, she can't reject me for long.

5. A: To ______, I wish to announce that my company, Franklin Savings and Loan, is donating $5,000 to the new scholarship fund. B: Thank you Mr. Betula and thank you Franklin Savings and Loan for starting us toward our goal of $1 million to help students from poor families attend Charleston Academy of Science.

■ ANSWER

1. (B)

2. (C)

3. (D)

4. (E)

5. (A)

参考译文

I. 1. 市政府将今年夏天定为“清洁城市之夏”,鼓励市民“拾捡垃圾,清理空地和种植花草”。为了启动该活动,周六上午,市长将带领一支由志愿者组成的清洁队沿着主干道进行清扫。任何想参与的人均可以……

2. 泰森在与桑切斯交手的前三个回合中占据了上风。但是在第四个回合中,桑切斯展现出更为丰富的拳击比赛经验,用一记左勾拳将泰森打败。

3. 我想中学毕业后,我会感到忧伤。大家将各奔东西——工作的工作,上学的上学。我一定会想念大家的。

4. 他加入篮球队时曾发誓不再吸毒,后来却因使用兴奋剂而被迫离开球队。球队官员说得非常清楚,这次禁赛是永久性的。

5. 政府虽然授予了他来访的外交签证,却并不怎么欢迎他。除了刚到时受到右翼组织的热烈欢迎外,他在各级政府均遭冷落。

II. 1. A:虽然你去年打败了我,但那是一年前的事了。我每天都在训练,这次你不可能赢我。B:是吗?那好!我们等着瞧。我会再次把你打败的!

2. A:你们干吗不先去剧院呢?自从孙芸离开我之后,每次看爱情故事我都会很悲伤、很沮丧。B:你必须去。即使这部电影会让你感到忧伤,但总比独自坐在家里想她要好。我们走吧!

3. A:蒂姆说你们昨晚在酒吧被赶出来了。发生什么事了?B:格雷格偷偷带了一小瓶威士忌进去,想省点钱。那里的酒水贵得离谱。最后还是被服务员发现了,所以我们都被赶出来了。

4. A:桑切斯,我发现玛利亚对你态度很冷淡。她是在生你的气吗?B:你也注意到了吧?是啊,她之所以对我冷淡是因为我忘了昨天是她的生日。别担心,她不会一直不理我的。

5. A:为启动这次活动,我宣布,我公司富兰克林储贷中心将为这个新的奖学金基金会捐献5千美元。B:感谢贝图拉先生,感谢富兰克林储贷中心支持我们向100万美元的目标迈进,用以帮助贫困家庭的学生进入查尔斯顿科学研究院学习。


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