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LECTURE 55 基本动词 GIVE 2

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2020年05月31日

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LECTURE 55 基本动词 GIVE 2

词组讲解

1. give credit where credit is due ** 称赞(感谢)值得称赞(感谢)的人

解 习语;词义溯源:将[信誉(credit)]给予[应有的、合适的(due)]某人或某物

例 I have to admit, you're a success. I never expected it. When we were students, I always thought I'd be the one to be successful and you'd be a factory laborer or something like that. So let me give credit where credit is due: you've done much better than me.

2. give free rein to sb. / give sb. free rein ** 放任某人,对某人不加约束

解 习语;词义溯源:给予某人[行动的无限自由(free rein)];参照get a free hand with sth.

例 We're giving you free rein. You decide where to open the franchise stores and we'll supply you with the funding. We only ask that you let us decide the timing of each opening.

3. give ground ** 退却,让步

解 习语;词义溯源:将[土地、地盘(ground)]移交(转手)

例 If we were to give a little ground on the price of the machines, would you be willing to return the favor by giving us 45 days to deliver instead of 30 days?

4. give in to sb. or sth. / give in *** 屈服,投降;同意;呈交

解 短语动词;词义溯源:给予某人或某物[里面的(in)]部分

例 At the age of 18, he was offered a three-year, ¥1. 2 million contract by the National Team. In a wise move, he refused to give in to the attractive offer, enrolling in Peking University instead and postponing his professional baseball career until after he had completed his education.

5. give it 〔her〕 the gun ** 加速,加大油门

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:给它(她)[信号枪(gun)]

例 Two cars came speeding around the corner, both giving it the gun. Seconds later, a blue-and-white police car swung around the corner in hot pursuit. It was just like in a Hollywood movie.

巩固练习

(A) give credit where credit is due

(B) give...free rein

(C) give ground

(D) give in to

(E) giving it the gun

1. A: I was doing great. I had lost two kilograms in that first week of my diet program. Then my friend took me to Xidan and I saw the pizza shop. I couldn't resist anymore. I yielded to my temptation. B: If you're going to ______ your temptation so easily, you're never going to lose weight. I'd better stay with you 24 hours a day!

2. A: The police are right behind us. Make this car go!Maximum speed! B: I'm ______ already. It's only a 1. 5 liter engine.

3. A: Mr. Jiang and I have been competitors for a long time, but that doesn't keep me from praising him when he deserves it. His new store design is the best—much better than mine. B: Well, thank you Mr. Chen. It takes a man of strong character to ______ to his rival.

4. A: If you can't ______ me ______ in this negotiation, I can't get you the best deal possible. B: Please try to understand my situation too. I can't let you do this without any restrictions because my boss has placed restrictions and limits on me.

5. A: Compromise?!Compromise?!On what?!I am not going to retreat one bit. I've stated my opposition and will do all in my power to block this legislation. B: I'm not saying you have to ______, Congressman. What I'm saying is you could try seeing this legislation differently.

■ ANSWER

1. (D)

2. (E)

3. (A)

4. (B)

5. (C)

参考译文

I. 1. 我不得不承认,你确实成功了。我从没想到过这一点。当我们还是学生的时候,我总是以为我将会是获得成功的那个,而你只能成为一名工人或者其他类似的人。所以该表扬就得表扬:你的确比我做得好得多。

2. 我们将放手让你自己干。你自己决定在哪些地方开专卖店,我们给你提供资金。我们只希望你能让我们决定每个店开业的时间。

3. 如果我们在设备的价格上作出一点让步的话,作为回报,您能不能把发货期限由之前的30天改为45天?

4. 他18岁时,国家队就向他提出3年120万元的合同。但是,他明智地拒绝了这个诱人的合约,进入了北京大学,而把他的棒球事业推迟到完成学业之后。

5. 两辆车都加大马力快速拐弯。几秒钟后,一辆蓝白相间的警车也驶过拐弯处,紧追不舍,像是好莱坞大片里的场景。

II. 1. A:我做得很棒,开始瘦身计划的第一周便成功减掉了两公斤。不过之后我朋友带我去西单,我看到比萨饼店就再也坚持不了,向诱惑屈服了。B:如果你这么容易就向诱惑屈服的话,就永远也别想减肥了。我看我得一天24小时都陪着你!

2. A:警察就在我们后面。开快点!开到最高速度!B:我已经加大马力了,可它的引擎只有1. 5升。

3. A:蒋先生与我竞争多年,但我该称赞他的地方还是得称赞。他的新商店的设计是最棒的——比我的好得多。B:哦,谢谢你,陈先生。为竞争对手说话只有个性坚强的人才能做得到。

4. A:如果你不让我在谈判中自由发挥,我可能无法谈成最划算的交易。B:也请你理解我的处境。我不能让你没有限制地去做,因为我的老板给我设定了限制。

5. A:让步?!让步?!向什么让步?!我可一点也不会让步。我已经表明了反对意见,会尽我最大的努力阻止立法。B:我并不是说你必须做出让步,议员。我的意思是您可以尝试从不同角度看待这项立法。


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