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LECTURE 59 基本动词 GIVE 6

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2020年05月31日

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LECTURE 59 基本动词 GIVE 6

词组讲解

1. give sb. the eye ** (有好感而)盯着某人看,送秋波

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:给某人[视线、眼光(eye)];参照catch one's eye

例 We had been sitting in the rock café giving every girl the eye for over an hour when this huge man came over and asked us why we were staring at his girlfriend.

2. give sb. the shirt off one's back ** 把什么都给出去;非常慈悲

解 习语;词义溯源:把身上穿着的衬衫[脱下来(off)]给某人

例 You know I'd give the shirt off my back for you, Su Yun, but I just don't have any money right now. My situation's as bad as yours. Have you tried asking Yu Lin? He might be able to lend you some money.

3. give sb. tit for tat ** 用同样的方式报复,以牙还牙

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:给某人[一报还一报(tit for tat)];tit表示“敲打”,tat表示“轻轻敲打”

例 I sat there watching two little boys throwing sand at each other with amusement. One boy was the aggressor and the other was just giving him tit for tat. A few minutes later, their mother came along and cleaned them off in the ocean water.

4. give sb. a black eye ** 打得某人眼眶发青;损坏名声

解 习语;词义溯源:给某人带来[被打得发青的眼圈、丑事(black eye)];参照get a black eye

例 I gave him a black eye!He'll have to walk around for days with that big bruise on his eye and everybody will ask him how he got it. He'll lie and tell them he had an accident. He won't tell them I got the better of him.

5. give sb. a bright idea ** 告诉某人好主意或好方案

解 习语;词义溯源:告诉某人[好主意、好方案(bright idea)]

例 Joe likes to read magazines and newspapers from around the world. He says that every so often, something he reads gives him a bright idea. I guess that's why he's so creative in advertising.

巩固练习

(A) giving...the eye

(B) given the shirt off his back

(C) giving tit for tat

(D) giving...a black eye

(E) given...a bright idea

1. A: A punch like that will probably cause a big black and blue bruise to form around your eye. You'd better put some ice over your eye for a while. B: Yeah, okay. I guess Bill's going to boast about ______ me ______ to the whole school. I should have hit him in the eye too, instead of the chest.

2. A: You know, seeing that soccer match has ______ me ______. We could make little plastic soccer balls and sell them at the World Cup. B: You're always thinking of something clever, but you never have the money to make it a reality. But keep dreaming, maybe someday...

3. A: Let's move away from here. That man over there is ______ me ______. B: I hardly think that man is trying to show his interest in you, Sally. He's a blind man!

4. A: My father was a good man. He would have ______ to help even a stranger. Unfortunately, some people took advantage of his generosity. B: Yeah, that's the usual case. A person who's willing to sacrifice everything he has to help others has to be careful not to be deceived by false friendship or even false need.

5. A: We'll match every assault!Every time they attack us, verbally or physically, we'll do the same. We won't initiate, only respond in kind. B: Sir, isn't there some danger in only ______? We never know how severe their attack may be. They have all the control.

■ ANSWER

1. (D)

2. (E)

3. (A)

4. (B)

5. (C)

参考译文

I. 1. 我们在那家摇滚咖啡厅坐了一个多小时,向所有女孩目送秋波。这时,一个大块头走过来,问我们为什么盯着他女朋友看。

2. 苏云,你是知道的,我愿意尽全力帮助你,但是我现在没钱。我的状况跟你一样糟。你有没有问问余林?或许他能借你点钱。

3. 我坐在那儿,看着两个小男孩开心地向对方扔沙子。一个孩子扔过来,另一个也不示弱。几分钟后,他们的妈妈走过来,用海水把他们冲干净了。

4. 我揍了他一顿!这几天他都得带着眼睛上那一大块乌青了。别人都会问他是怎么弄的,他肯定会撒谎说他出了事故,而不会说是我打了他。

5. 乔喜欢阅读世界各地的报纸和杂志。他说,有时候读文章会给他带来灵感。我猜这就是为什么他在广告方面如此有创意的原因了。

II. 1. A:那一拳很可能会使你的眼眶青肿,你最好用冰块敷一敷眼睛。B:好的。我想比尔肯定会跟全校同学吹嘘说他打得我眼眶发青。我也应该打他的眼睛,不应该打胸口的。

2. A:你知道的,看完那场足球比赛,我产生了灵感。我们可以做些小塑料足球,在世界杯的时候卖。B:你总能想出一些聪明的想法,却从来没花钱实施过。继续做梦吧,或许有一天……

3. A:我们别坐在这里了。那边那个男人一直对我抛媚眼。B:我绝不认为那个人对你感兴趣,萨莉。他是个盲人!

4. A:我爸爸是个好人,他甚至可以倾其所有来帮助一个陌生人。不幸的是,有些人利用了他的慷慨。B:是啊,通常情况下都是这样。一个愿意付出所有来帮助他人的人就应该小心,不要被虚假的友谊或需求所欺骗。

5. A:我们将应对他们的每一次攻击!无论他们从语言上还是身体上攻击我们,我们每次都会予以还击。我们不会挑起争端,只是针锋相对地予以回应。B:长官,如果只是以牙还牙会不会有危险?我们不知道他们的攻击会有多激烈。控制权在他们手里。


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