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基本动词GO补充词组

所属教程:英语词组全书

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2020年06月04日

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基本动词GO补充词组

1. (be) gone on ** 死的

解 习语,词义溯源:[向上(on)]走

例 The soldiers placed a wreath at the statue built to remember the brave men who have gone on while fighting to defend the nation. 士兵们在雕像前献上了花圈。这座雕像用来纪念为保卫祖国而献身的勇士们。

2. go after sb. or sth. *** 追逐;设法得到

解 短语动词;词义溯源:去某人或某物的[后面(after)]

例 I run errands for the office, such as going after lunch or coffee for the executives or taking mail to the post office. 我在办公室负责跑腿,比如为主管们取午餐或咖啡,或者去邮局寄信什么的。

3. go all the way to sth. / go all the way ** 径直,笔直

解 习语;词义溯源:通过[全部的路(all the way)]去向某地

例 Turn left on Madison Avenue and go all the way to where Madison meets Vine Street. 从麦迪逊大街往左拐,然后一直走到麦迪逊大街与瓦因大街交叉的地方。

4. go along for the ride ** 同行;顺便坐车兜风

解 习语;词义溯源:[跟着(along)]去坐车

例 I don't need to go to Cleveland, but if you are driving there tonight I'd like to go along for the ride. 我不需要去克利夫兰,但是如果你今晚开车去的话,我就搭车去兜兜风。

5. go along with sb. or sth. / go along *** 同行;赞成,同意

解 短语动词;词义溯源:和某人或某物[一起(along)]去

例 Two guards usually go along with the delivery truck when we are delivering a shipment of computer chips. 用送货卡车运送计算机芯片的时候,通常会有两名保卫人员同行。

6. go at sb. or sth. *** 扑向;突进

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[向着、瞄准(at)]某人或某物而去

例 A man sitting near the stage suddenly went at the President but was stopped by bodyguards before he reached him. 坐在舞台边上的一名男子突然向总统冲过去,但是他还没碰到总统就被保镖拦了下来。

7. go back *** 回去;追溯

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[往回(back)]走

例 We came to Chicago only for the conference and once it's over we will have to go back to Toronto to take care of some urgent business. 我们来芝加哥只是为了开会,会开完了我们就得回多伦多处理一些紧急事务。

8. go 〔pass〕 by the board ** 因(风帆等)折断而掉入水中;被遗弃;(计划等)完全失败

解 习语;词义溯源:[经过(by)][迎风面的船板(board)]而去;这是一个航海用语

例 All his plans went by the board when he lost his job and his girlfriend left him. 失业以及女朋友的离开使他的所有计划都落空了。

9. go chase oneself * 走掉;消失

解 俚语;词义溯源:[跟着(chase)]自己走

例 Here comes that obnoxious man again. I wish he'd go chase himself and stop bothering us! 那个讨厌的人又来了。我真希望他消失,别再烦我们了!

10. go fly a kite * 走开;一边待着

解 俚语;词义溯源:去[放风筝(fly a kite)]

例 Whenever he bothers me, I just tell him to go fly a kite and he leaves. 每次他烦我的时候,我都让他去一边待着,然后他就离开了。

11. go for sb. or sth. *** 伸手去拿;抨击,猛烈攻击;被吸引,喜欢

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[向着(for)]某人或某物而去

例 You ought to go for the Hewlett-Packard. It's the best one and if I were you I'd choose it even though it is a bit more expensive. 你应该选择惠普。这是最好的一款。虽然价格有点高,但是如果我是你的话就买它。

12. go great guns ** 极其干练;快速进攻;十分时髦

解 习语;词义溯源:[认真地、猛烈地(great guns)]去做;Great guns!表示“坏了!”“糟糕!”

例 Since she started doing aerobics and lost all that weight, my mother has been going great guns. 我妈妈自从做了有氧运动后就成功减肥了,她做事一直这么高效率。

13. go in a body ** 集体行动

解 习语;词义溯源:以[团体、集团(body)]的形式去;in a body表示“成为一体”

例 We thought that if we went in a body to the dean's office, it would impress him more than if we went individually to protest decision. 我们觉得一起去主任办公室反对他的决定比个人行动更能打动他。

14. go in for sth. *** 喜欢;赞成

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[为了(for)]某物而去[里面(in)]

例 While local pop singers are well liked by all, many people go in for the foreign pop music. 尽管人们都喜欢本国的流行歌手,但许多人也喜欢外国流行音乐。

15. go 〔swing〕 into action ** 开始做,展开行动

解 习语;词义溯源:进入[行动、活动、战斗(action)]里面

例 It takes three minutes for the radio command to reach the satellite and an additional two minutes for the satellite to react and go into action. 无线电波发出的命令到达卫星需要三分钟,卫星做出响应并开始执行还需要两分钟。

16. go into one's song and dance about sth. ** 开始解释或找借口

解 习语;词义溯源:进入有关某事的[歌曲和舞蹈(song and dance)]里面;one's可以用the,some,old代替

例 Everytime he wants to borrow money he goes into his song and dance about how difficult his life has been. 每次他想借钱的时候,总是找借口说他的生活有多么艰难。

17. go into orbit * 成功;勃然大怒;极其兴奋

解 俚语;词义溯源:进入[轨道(orbit)]

例 My dog is so happy to see me when I get home that he goes into orbit for about five minutes. 看到我回家,宠物狗非常高兴,足足兴奋了五分钟左右。

Henry was afraid his father would go into orbit when he knew his recent wrongdoings. 亨利害怕他父亲知道他最近干的坏事后会暴跳如雷。

18. go off *** 暂时离席;爆发;爆炸

解 短语动词;词义溯源:处于[离开、切断(off)]的状态

例 We were all standing on the front lawn except for Julie, who had gone off a few minutes before to look at the garden behind the house. 除了朱莉以外,我们都站在前面的草坪上,她离开几分钟去看房子后面的花园了。

19. go off half-cocked ** (说话、做事)欠考虑

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:以[准备不足的、未完成的(half-cocked)]状态离去

例 Before you go off half-cocked, don't you think you'd better do some research so you know what you are talking about? 在你轻率地做出反应之前,你不觉得应该先做调查,然后再确定该说些什么吗?

20. Go on!/ go on *** 不要再说了!不是那样!

解 短语动词;词义溯源:去[继续(on)];通常用于祈使句

例 Oh go on!I can't believe you really think I'm that pretty!You're just kidding. 哦,别胡扯了!我才不信你真的认为我有那么漂亮!你只是在开玩笑。

21. go on a fishing expedition ** 探索调查;试图得到情报

解 习语;词义溯源:去[试探一下(on a fishing expedition)]

例 Following Mr. Foster's death, investigative reporters went on a fishing expedition trying to find out how he really died. 福斯特先生去世后,调查记者试着搜集信息,希望能够找到他真正的死因。

22. go on and on ** 没完没了

解 习语;词义溯源:[继续(on and on)]进行

例 My wife's mother called and kept me on the phone for nearly an hour going on and on about how we should raise our children. 我岳母打电话来,跟我唠叨了大约一个小时应该如何带孩子。

23. go on strike / go out on strike ** 举行罢工,停止工作

解 习语;词义溯源:处于[罢工的(on strike)]状态

例 The labor union has voted to go on strike if work hours are not shortened. 工会投票决定,如果不缩短工作时间的话,就进行罢工。

24. go 〔do〕 one better ** 技高一筹

解 习语;词义溯源:在某件事上做得比其他人[更好(better)]

例 Bank A reduced their car loan interest rates to 9. 8%, but Bank B went one better and cut theirs to 9. 3%. A银行将汽车贷款利率下降到9. 8%,而B银行更胜一筹,他们将利率降到了9. 3%。

25. go out in search of sb. or sth. ** 寻找

解 习语;词义溯源:为[寻找(in search of)]某人或某物而去[外面(out)]

例 We went out in search of a Chinese restaurant near the hotel but didn't find any. 我们想在酒店附近寻找一家中国餐馆,但是没有找到。

26. go out with sb. *** 与某人约会,谈恋爱

解 短语动词;词义溯源:和某人[一起(with)]去[外面(out)]

例 Jim used to date Lisa Thornton, but now he goes out with Tracy Dorn. 吉姆以前跟莉萨·桑顿约会过,但是现在跟特蕾西·多恩在一起了。

27. go right through sb. ** (食物)通过身体很快排出体外,刚吃完就泻

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:[通过(through)]某人[直接(right)]去

例 Many Asians cannot digest milk and it goes right through them if they drink it. 许多亚洲人无法消化牛奶,他们喝完牛奶后直接就排掉了。

28. go round〔around〕 the bend ** 旋转,转弯;发疯,恼火

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:[环绕(round,around)][弯曲的地方、转弯处(bend)]走

例 Just as you go around the bend, you'll see a big McDonalds sign. 你转个弯就能看到一个很大的麦当劳标志。

29. go so far as to say sth. ** 用言语表述

解 习语;词义溯源:走[那么远(so far)]为了[说(say)]某事

例 I would say you have to be careful when you are downtown at night, but I wouldn't go so far as to say our streets are dangerous in Hinesville. 我觉得晚上在市区的时候你必须小心点,不过我不是说我们海恩斯维尔的街道都很危险。

30. go stag ** (男女配对参加的酒宴或活动上)不带女伴

解 习语;词义溯源:[没有女伴(stag)]就去

例 Norman doesn't have a girlfriend, so he'll probably go stag to the dinner party tonight. 诺曼没有女朋友,所以今晚的晚宴他可能不带女伴。

31. go steady with sb. / go steady ** 确定恋爱关系,谈恋爱

解 习语;词义溯源:与某人成为[稳定的(steady)]关系

例 Trish and Charlie are going steady, so they are not allowed to date anyone else. 特里施和查利已经确定了恋爱关系,所以他们不能再与其他人约会了。

32. go stir crazy * (因长期在某一处而)精神失常

解 俚语;词义溯源:成为[精神失常(stir crazy)]的状态

例 There's nothing to do in this small town. I'm so bored that I'm going stir crazy. 在这个小镇上没什么事情可做,真无聊,我快要憋疯了。

33. go straight * 改邪归正;改过自新

解 俚语;词义溯源:成为[正直的、坦率的(straight)];原为对罪犯的用语

例 After ten years as a gang member, my brother decided to go straight and become a good member of society. 我哥哥在帮派混了十年,后来他决定改过自新,成为了好公民。

34. go the limit ** 做到极限;做得彻底

解 习语;词义溯源:走向[极限(limit)];参照go whole hog

例 You ought to try to experience everything in life while you're young. Go the limit in everything you do. 年轻的时候应该试着体验一下各种各样的生活。做每一件事都要达到极限。

35. go through sth. *** 通过,经过;检验,调查;经历,忍住(不愉快的事情);终结,结束

解 短语动词;词义溯源:去[通过、路过、从头至尾经历(through)]某事

例 I'm afraid your refrigerator is too large to go through the apartment door. 恐怕您的冰箱太大了,过不去公寓的门。

36. go through the changes ** 经历,体验

解 俚语;词义溯源:去[经历(through)][变化(changes)]

例 It's rough changing from the free lifestyle of a student to the hard realities of adulthood, but everybody has to go through the changes sometime. 要从学生时代自由自在的生活转变到成年人世界残酷的现实中来,这是非常困难的,但是每一个人都必须经历。

37. go to Davy Jones's locker ** 沉入海底,葬身海里

解 习语;词义溯源:去向[海底、海中坟墓(Davy Jones's locker)];通常作为航海用语

例 They say he fell over board, drowned and went to Davy Jones's locker. 他们说他从船上掉到水里淹死了,最后葬身海底。

38. go to rack 〔wrack〕 and ruin ** 倒塌,毁灭

解 习语;词义溯源:走向[毁坏、荒废(rack,ruin,wrack)]

例 It was a nice car, but nobody took care of it and it went to rack and ruin. 那辆车很漂亮,但是由于无人看管,最后坏掉了。

39. go to the bathroom ** 去洗手间;上厕所

解 习语;词义溯源:去[洗手间(bathroom)]

例 I got to go to the bathroom. Can you tell me where the men's restroom is? 我得去一下洗手间。请问男洗手间在哪里?

40. go to waste ** 未被使用;浪费

解 习语;词义溯源:变成[废物、垃圾(waste)]

例 Farmers have threatened to not harvest their crops this year and let them go to waste if the government doesn't raise its purchase prices. 农民们威胁称,如果政府不提高收购价格,他们今年将不收割粮食,让它们白白浪费掉。

41. go up *** 上涨;建立

解 短语动词;词义溯源:向[上(up)]走

例 It gets cold at night, but as soon as the sun rises the temperature goes up quickly. 晚上天气会变冷,但是太阳一出来,温度很快就升高了。

42. go with sb. or sth. *** 同行;般配,搭配

解 〈口〉短语动词;词义溯源:[一起(with)]去

例 I'm going to the mall. If you want to go too you're welcome to go with me. 我要去购物中心。如果你也想去的话,欢迎你跟我一起。

43. go without sth. / go without *** 在缺少某物的情况下度过(或撑过)

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[不带(without)]某物就去;参照do without sb. or sth.

例 On a hunger strike to protest the government's tax policy, Mr. Ben has gone without food for eight days now. 在抗议政府税收政策的绝食活动中,到现在为止本先生已经八天没有吃东西了。

44. go wrong ** 发生不好的事情;出错,失败

解 习语;词义溯源:成为[不正确的、错误的(wrong)]状态

例 While testing the rocket's engines, something went wrong and there was an explosion. 测试火箭引擎时出了错,结果导致爆炸。


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