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LECTURE 89 基本动词 HAVE 10

所属教程:英语词组全书

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2020年06月06日

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LECTURE 89 基本动词 HAVE 10

词组讲解

1. have egg on one's face **出丑,丢脸

解 习语;词义溯源:脸上有[鸡蛋模样的东西(egg)]

例 Rather than admitting he was wrong, Principal Dorn kept trying to prove he had made the right decision when he changed the students' dress code so that any kind of clothes would be allowed. By the end of the month the school had egg on its face because of news reports that showed kids coming to school in bikinis. Finally, pressure from the teachers forced him to do an about face and return to the original policy.

2. have eyes in the back of one's head **非常机警,非常警觉

解 习语;词义溯源:头后面有[眼睛(eyes)]

例 Isaw that gesture you made, Private Tomlinson. Surprised, aren't you? Son, don't you know Sergeants have eyes in the back of their head so they can catch soldiers like you making disrespectful gestures! Now get down on the ground and give me fifty push-ups!

3. have feet of clay **(强势的人)有致命的缺陷

解 习语;词义溯源:拥有[泥做的脚、致命的缺点(feet of clay)]

例 While it's good to know whether a politician has anything really bad in his personal history, Americans are obsessed with showing that their statesmen have feet of clay. The end result of this vicious hunt for faults is a total lack of respect for government officials, which hurts the nation more than it helps.

4. have foot-in-mouth disease **习惯性说话笨拙;有出言不当的毛病

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:患上[说错话的疾病(foot-in-mouth disease)];foot-in-mouth表示“说话鲁莽的;措词不得体的”;参照put one's foot in one's mouth

例 James Watkins was admittedly an excellent head of the Environmental Protection Agency. His performance didn't bring him down . He had foot-in-mouth disease and the media ate him up like sharks on an injured whale.

5. have growing pains **成长中经历肌肉和关节的疼痛;经历成长中的困难

解 习语;词义溯源:经历[(快速成长而导致的)四肢神经痛、(新的计划和发展中的)初期困难(growing pains)]

例 Dear Members, we're sorry the electronic bulletin board hasn't been updated regularly. Our bulletin system has become so popular that we're having growing pains. We promise to have sufficient staff by the end of the month!

巩固练习

(A) have egg on our face

(B) has eyes in the back of his head

(C) had feet of clay

(D) had foot-in-mouth disease

(E) having these growing pains

1. A: Mr. Crawford, the old man who lived across the street, was my childhood hero. Imagine how crushed I was when I grew up and learned that he was an alcoholic who beat his wife all the time. B: That happens a lot. I guess as a child you can't see the defects and faults of a person's character like adults can. Even my grandfather, the great Senator, ______. He was a compulsive gambler.

2. A: Every time he speaks, he says something that embarrasses himself. B: It's no surprise, he's ______ for as long as I've known him—even in elementary school!

3. A: All teenagers experience some difficulty dealing with their rapidly changing bodies and their intense emotions. As a parent, the best thing you can do is just be understanding. B: But isn't there some kind of medicine you can give a kid to calm him down when he starts ______?

4. A: You think we'll ______ because of this? B: I'd be lying if I told you differently. Yes, this is going to make our whole department look foolish and there's nothing we can do to change it.

5. A: He's got a special ability to sense what's happening around him, even if he can't see it. Nothing escapes his notice. B: Maybe, but even a man who ______ can be fooled.

■ ANSWER

1. (C)

2. (D)

3. (E)

4. (A)

5. (B)

参考译文

I. 1. 为了让学生穿各种服装来上学,多恩校长改变了学生的着装要求。事后,他不仅不承认错误,反而想证明自己的决定是正确的。结果到月底,学校丢尽了脸面,因为有新闻报道了学生穿比基尼上学。最后,老师们施压迫使他改变立场,恢复原来的政策。

2. 我看到你的手势了,汤姆林森二等兵。吃惊吧?孩子,难道你不知道中士的脑袋后面都长着眼睛吗?这样才能看到像你这样的士兵做不敬的手势!现在趴在地上,给我做50个俯卧撑!

3. 虽然了解政治家的个人经历中是否有污点是好的,但是美国人却热衷于展现他们的政治家的致命缺陷。民众这种恶意挑毛病的行为对政府官员完全不尊重,这对国家而言,弊大于利。

4. 詹姆斯·沃特金斯是公认的环保部的一位优秀负责人。他的业绩并没有让他被打败。但他有出言不当的毛病,媒体就像鲨鱼吃掉一头受伤的鲸一样轻易地把他彻底击垮了。

5. 亲爱的会员们,对于电子公告板未能定期更新一事,我们非常抱歉。由于使用我们公告系统的顾客朋友特别多,所以更新有一些困难。我们保证将在本月底招聘到足够的员工!

II. 1. A:住在街对面的克劳福德先生是我孩提时崇拜的英雄。长大后发现他是个经常打老婆的酒鬼时,想象得出我有多么崩溃吧。B:这种事常有发生。我觉得,小孩子不可能像成年人一样看出一个人性格中的弱点和缺陷。即使我那位优秀的参议员爷爷也有他的缺点。在赌博这件事上,他无法自制。

2. A:他每次发言都会说一些让自己尴尬的话。B:这没什么大惊小怪的,自我认识他开始他就有出言不当的毛病——从小学开始就那样了!

3. A:青少年在处理身体上的快速变化和强烈的情感时总会遇到困难。作为家长,你最好能理解。B:但是,难道没有什么药物可以让孩子在开始遇到成长的痛苦时变得冷静吗?

4. A:你觉得我们会因此而下不了台吗?B:如果我说不会,那就是在撒谎。没错,这会让我们整个部门的人看起来非常愚蠢,这一点我们无法改变。

5. A:他有一种特殊的能力,就算没有亲眼见到,也可以察觉周围正在发生的所有事情。B:或许吧,但是即使是非常警觉的人也会被耍。


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