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LECTURE 114 基本动词 MAKE 1

所属教程:英语词组全书

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2020年06月15日

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LECTURE 114 基本动词 MAKE 1

词组讲解

1. make a beeline for sb. or sth. ** 径直朝…走

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:按[直线、捷径(beeline)] [向着(for)]某人或某物走;本词组是从蜜蜂归巢时沿直线返回引申而来的

例 FBI agents hid among a row of bushes near the house and waited. They figured whoever owned the drugs would eventually come to take them. Sure enough, only four hours later a man who was jogging past the house, stopped, looked around and then made a beeline for the bundle that was stuffed into an old garbage container.

2. make a break for sth. ** 迅速跑去,逃跑

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:[向着(for)]某物或某地做出[逃亡、逃跑(break)]

例 The boy was watching a worker clean the lion's cage when he noticed the cage door had come open and a lion was making a break for it. He ran over to the door and slammed it shut just as the animal reached it.

3. make a bundle 〔pile〕 * 赚大钱,发财

解 俚语;词义溯源:赚得[大钱(bundle,pile)]

例 The world is full of people so busy trying to make a bundle that they forget how to find joy in the simple things in life such as family. They fill their days with the cares of their jobs and leave no time for relaxation and fun with their loved ones.

4. make a clean breast of sth. ** 坦白,和盘托出

解 习语;词义溯源:产生对某物的[干净的(clean)][心、想法(breast)]

例 The chief accounting officer for New York's largest mafia family is to publish a book through a publisher in which he will tell his story and why he decided to make a clean breast of his involvement in the family's crimes.

5. make a clean sweep of sth. / make a clean sweep ** 彻底清除,大规模整顿(人员等);(比赛等)获得全胜

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:做出[彻底的(clean)][清扫、全胜(sweep)]

例 Police officers made a clean sweep of the gangs that have been terrorizing residents and business owners in the Overton Township District. Every known gang member was arrested or questioned.

巩固练习

(A) make a beeline for

(B) make a break for

(C) make a bundle

(D) make a clean breast of

(E) make a clean sweep

1. A: Don't expect to get a lot of money from this kind of business. The profits are really quite low in the restaurant business. The best you can hope for is to earn enough to live an average life. B: I know that. If I wanted to ______, I would have gone into medicine. I'm opening a restaurant because it's what I like to do.

2. A: You ought to ______ your guilt, Carl. Just confess to your brother and you'll feel a lot better—you'll relieve the burden that this is causing you. B: You're right, but I can't do it. I know I should, but I can't.

3. A: When my kids get home from school they rush directly to the television so they can watch Pleasant Sheep. How about your kids? B: You bet. They ______ the TV and don't do anything until the show is over.

4. A: I want three guards with the prisoner the whole time he's in the hospital. He has a history of quickly attempting to get to an exit where he can escape whenever he's taken to the hospital. B: If he tries to ______ the door, can we shoot him?

5. A: We have got to solve the problem everywhere it is present. To improve the office equipment at only several offices would not help us. We have to solve it completely— every office has to get new equipment. B: How much would it cost to ______?

■ ANSWER

1. (C)

2. (D)

3. (A)

4. (B)

5. (E)

参考译文

I. 1. 联邦调查局特工藏在房子附近的一排灌木丛中等待着。他们认为毒品的主人最终会来取走它们。果然,仅仅四个小时后,一名慢跑经过这栋房子的男子停了下来,四处张望了一下,然后径直走向那个被塞进旧垃圾桶的包裹。

2. 小男孩正在一旁观看工人打扫狮子笼。突然,他发现笼子的门开了,一头狮子想趁人不注意往外跑。他冲到门前,在狮子靠近之前猛地把门关上。

3. 世界上到处都是忙着赚大钱的人。他们已经忘了如何从生活琐事中寻找乐趣,比如家庭。他们整天只关心工作,不会腾出时间与他们爱的人一起放松和娱乐。

4. 纽约最大的黑手党家族的首席会计主管将通过一家出版公司出版一本书,讲述他的故事,以及他为什么决定将他所参与的黑手党家族的犯罪活动和盘托出。

5. 警方彻底清除了一直威吓欧弗顿市区居民和商家的帮派分子。所有已确定身份的帮派成员均被逮捕或调查。

II. 1. A:别指望靠这种生意赚很多钱。餐饮业的利润非常低,最好的情况也就是赚到平均水平的生活费。B:我知道。要是我想赚大钱的话,我就从事医药行业了。我开餐厅是因为我喜欢这行。

2. A:你应该彻底坦白你的罪过,卡尔。向你哥哥坦白,你会感觉好很多——这么做能减轻一直困扰你的负担。B:你说得对,但是我不能这么做。我知道我应该这么做,但是我做不到。

3. A:我的孩子们放学后,一回到家就直接跑到电视机前看《喜羊羊》。你的孩子们呢?B:确实是的。他们径直来到电视机前,在节目演完之前,什么也不做。

4. A:犯人在医院期间,我需要三名警卫随时警戒。之前每次送他去医院的时候,他都想溜到出口处试图逃跑。B:如果他试图趁人不备从大门逃走,我们可以开枪吗?

5. A:只要有问题,就得解决。只是改良几间办公室的办公设备对我们没有什么用。我们必须彻底翻新——每间办公室都必须配备新设备。B:要彻底更换的话得花多少钱?


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