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LECTURE 117 基本动词 MAKE 4

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2020年06月16日

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LECTURE 117 基本动词 MAKE 4

词组讲解

1. make a long story short ** 长话短说,概述

解 习语;词义溯源:把[较长的故事(a long story)]变成[短的(short)];一般用to...的形式作为独立结构

例 I told Shilling that I couldn't come to the restaurant to help him as I had my hands tied by obligations at the office. Then ten minutes later my mother called me starting giving me hell for not helping out enough with the family restaurant. Well, to make a long story short, I no longer live at home and haven't talked to anybody from the family since that night.

2. make a mess of sth. / make a mess ** 弄乱;搞得一团糟

解 习语;词义溯源:把某物变成[一塌糊涂、乱七八糟、混乱的东西(mess)]

例 Needless to say this has made a mess of our family's plans for the Mid-autumn Festival. Everybody was supposed to meet at my house this year. But since we're not talking to each other, I guess my mother will tell everybody to go home again like last year. They certainly can't meet at Shilling's tiny apartment.

3. make a mountain out of a molehill ** 小题大做;夸大重要性

解 习语;词义溯源:由[地鼠挖出来的小土丘(molehill)]制作出[山(mountain)]

例 I don't feel the least bit guilty about this. It never would have happened if my mother hadn't made a mountain out of what was truly only a molehill. I was busy and couldn't help them that night and she made a big deal out of it, accusing me of not caring about the family. She went too far .

4. make a name for oneself / make a name ** 成名,出名

解 习语;词义溯源:用个人的力量赢得[名声、名望(name)]

例 She ought to know that I'm quite busy these days trying to manage my advertising company. In the advertising world the only way to make a name for yourself is through contacts. You have to meet people—so that means a lot of late night dinners. I can't just drop that and go to my family's restaurant every time they need a little help. Mother should realize that.

5. make a pass at sb. ** 搭讪,献殷勤

解 习语;词义溯源:向某人做出[搭讪、求爱(pass)];参照make a play for sb.

例 Why don't you stop trying to give that girl the eye and be brave enough to go over there and make a pass at her before somebody else does?

巩固练习

(A) make a long story short

(B) made a mess of

(C) make a mountain out of a molehill

(D) make a name for himself

(E) making passes at

1. A: I told you that you never should have let Morrison get involved in the negotiation. Now look what he's done. He's made the situation so terrible that it's nearly unmanageable. B: It's not all his fault that he's ______ the negotiation though. We are partly responsible for not giving him closer supervision.

2. A: Some people like trouble. They make the slightest problem seem much greater than it really is just so they have something to talk or worry about. B: You mean somebody like Grant Walton? A: Exactly!That guy will ______ every time.

3. A: You're going to No. 1 Café?! Don't you know that the guys there are very aggressive? They'll start ______ you as soon as you come through the door. B: I think I can handle it. Besides, it's been a long time since I've had a handsome young man try to get me romantically interested in him.

4. A: That's all I ever hear Tom talk about: becoming so famous that everybody knows his name. B: Can't blame him, though. He comes from a small country town, has no education and has no money. If he can ______, he has a chance to escape his otherwise dismal future.

5. A: Could you give us just the main point of what you're trying to tell us? B: Okay, to ______, Harry and I are not going to get married.

■ ANSWER

1. (B)

2. (C)

3. (E)

4. (D)

5. (A)

参考译文

I. 1. 我告诉希林我不能去餐厅帮他,因为我手头有一大堆工作要处理。十分钟后,我妈妈打电话来,开始抱怨我没给家里的餐厅提供足够的帮助。那么,长话短说吧,我已经不住在家里了,而且那晚以后我就再也没有跟家里的任何人说过话。

2. 不用说,这把我们家的中秋节计划弄得一团糟。本来大家今年应该在我家聚会,但是由于我们彼此都不说话了,所以我猜我妈妈会像去年一样,让所有人都回家。他们肯定不会到希林那个小公寓去的。

3. 对此我一点也不感到内疚。要不是我妈将这种琐事小题大做,这件事也不会发生。那晚我太忙了,没法回去帮忙,结果她就小题大做,指责我不关心家庭。她太过分了。

4. 她应该知道,我最近一直忙于经营我的广告公司。在广告界,要想出名就得勤于联系。你得跟人们见面,这意味着经常深夜还在吃饭。我不可能每次在他们需要一些帮助时就丢下工作去我家的餐厅。妈妈应该知道这一点。

5. 你能不能别再向那个女孩暗送秋波了?能不能勇敢地走过去,在其他人下手之前跟她搭讪?

II. 1. A:我跟你说过,不该让莫里森参与谈判的。现在你看看他都做了什么。他把局面弄得如此糟糕,几乎无法挽回了。B:并不全是因为他的错才把谈判弄得一团糟的。我们没有对他进行更密切的监督,所以也应该承担部分责任。

2. A: 有些人就是喜欢麻烦。他们总是把很小的问题弄得比实际情况严重得多,这样他们就有事情谈论或者担心了。B:你是指像格兰特·沃尔顿这样的人吗?A:就是!那个家伙每次都会小题大做。

3. A:你要去“一号咖啡厅”?!你不知道那里的人都很放肆吗?你一进门他们就会开始勾引你。B:我想我能应付。而且,已经很久没有年轻帅气的小伙试图引起我的兴趣了。

4. A:我听到汤姆说的唯一的话是:要成名,要让所有人都知道他的名字。B:这也不能怪他。他来自乡村小镇,没受过教育,也没有钱。如果他能出名,就有机会摆脱他那晦暗的未来。

5. A:你能不能告诉我们你所说的内容的重点?B:好吧,我长话短说,哈里和我不会结婚了。


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