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LECTURE 139 基本动词 PUT 10

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2020年06月22日

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LECTURE 139 基本动词 PUT 10

词组讲解

1. put sth. on paper ** 记下;制成文本资料

解 习语;词义溯源:把某物放在[纸(paper)]上;on paper表示“写在纸上的;理论上的”

例 Joe's the kind of guy who can sit around all day telling interesting stories. Down at the pub, all the guys gather around his table and listen to his tales. If he ever put all that stuff on paper, he'd probably make it on the bestseller's list and make a killing from booksales and royalties.

2. put sth. on the back burner ** 拖延,延期;保留

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:把某物放在[多眼炉子的后炉眼(back burner)]上

例 Don't misunderstand me. I'm just as interested in protecting animals from abuse as you are. But right now, we have so many other pressing issues to consider that I have no choice but to put your legislation on the back burner for now. It's just not as urgent. We'll deal with it later—I promise. Okay?

3. put 〔lay〕 sth. on the line ** 单刀直入地说,坦率地说;冒着…的危险

解 习语;词义溯源:把某物放在[眼睛平视的高度(on the line)]或[马上、当场(on the line)]说

例 Well, Tom wasn't about to countenance insubordination from the young man. So he called Harrison on the carpet and gave him a piece of his mind . He laid it on the line: either Harrison started showing respect for the formen and managers or he would be fired. Tom must have made an impression because we haven't had any trouble with Harrison since.

4. put sth. to good use / put sth. to use ** 利用,使用

解 习语;词义溯源:使某物被[使用、利用(use)]

例 In school he was voted “The Most Likely to Succeed,” by his classmates and teachers. They were impressed with his ambition, ingenuity, intelligence and congeniality. But to everyone's surprise, he chose not to go to college and never really put his talents to good use.

5. put sth. together / put together sth. *** 拼装;放在一起;综合,合计

解 短语动词;词义溯源:把某物[一起(together)]放置

例 For the next twenty-six years he dedicated his life to putting back together the community the Nazis has torn apart. Though he died before realizing his dream, the town thrives today and bears his name—Alexandersburg.

巩固练习

(A) put...on paper

(B) put...on the back burner

(C) putting...on the line

(D) put...to good use

(E) putting...together

1. A: You realize you'd be ______ your job ______ if you go ahead with your plan to report the company for dumping chemical wastes, don't you? B: I'm willing to risk losing my job—the environment means more to me.

2. A: Are you going to write that down? Unless I see your guarantee in print, I'm not going to feel confident enough to spend $400,000 on this equipment. B: Don't worry. If you need me to ______ it ______, I'll have my secretary do it for you. Okay? Any other problems or do we have a deal now?

3. A: Hey, are you throwing away all this stuff in the box? B: Yeah, but if there's something in it that you can find a useful purpose for, you're welcome to take it. A: Really? Great!I can ______ this old bucket ______ in my garden. B: Okay, then take it. I'm glad you can do something with it.

4. A: As a manager you must PRIORITIZE! Your time is valuable. You have to devote it to what's most important and pressing and ______ everything else ______. B: But deciding not to deal with a problem or matter immediately and leaving it for later consideration because YOU think it's not as important or pressing as other matters can be dangerous, can't it? I mean, you might upset others who think it is very important.

5. A: Have you assembled the new photocopier, yet? B: No, still ______ it ______. We should be done in an hour or two.

■ ANSWER

1. (C)

2. (A)

3. (D)

4. (B)

5. (E)

参考译文

I. 1. 乔是那种可以坐着讲一整天有趣故事的人。在酒吧里,所有人都围坐在他的桌子旁,听他讲故事。如果他把那些故事写出来的话,可能会登上畅销书排行榜,光靠卖书和版税就可以赚一大笔钱。

2. 别误会。我也跟你们一样对保护动物免受虐待很感兴趣。但是现在,我们有其他许多紧迫的问题需要考虑,我别无选择,只有先把你们的立法搁置了。这并没有那么紧急。我们稍后会处理的——我保证。好吗?

3. 汤姆并不支持年轻人反抗,所以他把哈里森痛骂了一顿。他非常坦率地说:要么哈里森尊敬工头和经理们,要么他就得被辞掉。他肯定给哈里森留下了深刻印象,因为从那之后,哈里森再也没有给我们惹过麻烦。

4. 在学校的时候,他被同学和老师评为“最具成功潜力的学生”。他有志向、机灵、聪慧、平易近人,给人们留下了深刻印象。但是让所有人吃惊的是,他居然选择不上大学,也没有真正好好利用他的聪明才智。

5. 在接下来的26年里,他致力于把被纳粹破坏得四分五裂的社区重新聚在一起。虽然他去世时还没有实现梦想,但现在,这个小镇已经非常繁华了,并且还用他的名字来命名——亚历山大斯伯格。

II. 1. A:如果你打算继续报道那家公司倾倒化学废料的话,你就得冒丢工作的危险了,你知不知道?B:我宁愿冒失业的风险——(保护)环境对我来说更重要。

2. A:你要不要立个字据?除非我看到书面的保证书,否则我对于花40万美元购买这些设备有些信心不足。B:别担心,如果你需要我把它写下来,我会让秘书做的。好吗?还有其他问题吗?现在可以成交了吗?

3. A:嘿,你要把这些东西都扔进箱子里吗?B:是的,如果这里面有什么你觉得有用的东西,你可以拿走。A:真的吗?太好了!我可以把这个旧水桶放在花园里好好利用。B:好的,那就拿走吧。我很高兴你还能用它做点事情。

4. A:作为一名经理,你必须把事情按优先顺序安排好!你的时间非常宝贵。你必须把它用在最重要、最紧急的事情上,把其他事情先放在一边。B:但是,仅仅因为你认为一个问题或一件事不如其他事情重要或紧急,便决定不马上处理,而是稍后考虑,这是很危险的,不是吗?我的意思是说,你可能会让那些认为它非常重要的人生气。

5. A:你组装完那台新复印机了吗?B:没有,还在组装。我们大约一到两个小时就能装完了。


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