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LECTURE 152 基本动词 TAKE 1

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2020年06月28日

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LECTURE 152 基本动词 TAKE 1

词组讲解

1. take a back seat to sb. or sth. / take a back seat **处于次要地位,退居二线

解 习语;词义溯源:坐在某人的[后排座位(back seat)]上

例 I'm afraid sports are going to have to take a back seat to academics. Our university has gotten a reputation as a school that excels in athletics but really falls behind in academic standards. As a result, we are close to losing our national accreditation. Let's deemphasize sports and reemphasize studies.

2. take a bath on sth. / take a bath *遭受重大的经济损失,遭受挫折

解 俚语;词义溯源:在某个东西[上面(on)]做[沐浴(bath)]的事;可以联想一下脱光衣服(泼水)的场景

例 It's going to be a while before investors trust the stock market enough to start moving money out of their secure savings at banks and into stock investments. Hundreds of thousands of average investors took a bath last year when the market lost 23% of its value. It'll be a long time before they're willing to put their hard-earned savings on the line again.

3. take a bow **鞠躬答谢

解 习语;词义溯源:做[叩拜(bow)]

例 To All Students: I know how upsetting our basketball team's narrow defeat last night at the state championship game was to us all, but we shouldn't let this overshadow the great performance our boys put on throughout the whole season. We're still just as proud of them and they should all take a bow. Principal Wilson.

4. take a break / take one's break **稍作休息,暂时休息

解 习语;词义溯源:采取短时间的[中断(break)]

例 Ms. Li, let me know when you want to take your break so that I can get somebody else to answer the telephones while you're away from your desk. And before you take a break, be sure to finish the expenditures report.

5. take a chance 〔risk〕 **碰运气,冒险

解 习语;词义溯源:做[冒险、危险(chance, risk)]的事

例 You're too careful in life, so you never have any adventure. You never take a chance! You calculate everything! And if something is the least bit risky, you avoid it every time. My God, that's not living—that's only surviving!

巩固练习

(A) take a back seat to

(B) take a bath on

(C) take a bow

(D) take a break

(E) taking a chance

1. A: Okay guys, you've been working hard for eight hours straight. Why don't you ______? I'll get you something to drink. B: No, thank you, ma'am. It's supposed to rain tonight, so we've got no time to stop our work and rest. We have to get this finished before tonight.

2. A: This is crazy! Why should I be forced to ______ Jones just because he's the chairman's cousin? I've been in this company much longer. B: That's just the way it is. You'll have to accept the fact that you'll always have less influence and importance than members of the chairman's family.

3. A: What do you think? Should I invest my money in Bob's business? B: I think you'd be ______ if you did. It's very likely the result would be unpleasant—but it is possible it would be pleasant. A: So you think it's risky, eh? Maybe I'd better give it some thought.

4. A: Yeah, think about it. You can't afford to ______ the investment. B: No, I can't afford to lose a lot of money on it. That's for sure.

5. A: Hey, Mary! The audience is calling for you. They want you to acknowledge their applause for your great performance. B: But I can't ______. I'm only a supporting actress. A: Forget that, the audience wants you, so go back to the stage and do it! You deserve to be praised for what you've done.

■ ANSWER

1. (D)

2. (A)

3. (E)

4. (B)

5. (C)

参考译文

I. 1. 我认为体育恐怕要退居二线让位给学术了。我们大学以体育出名,但在学术上真的很落后。所以,我们恐怕要失去公立学校的资格了。让我们降低体育的重要性,转而重视学术吧。

2. 想让投资者足够信任股市,将安全存在银行里的钱取出来投资股市,还需要一段时间。去年股市下跌23%时,数十万普通股民蒙受了损失。还需要很长时间才能让他们愿意把辛辛苦苦赚来的钱拿去冒险。

3. 同学们:在昨天晚上的国家锦标赛中我们的篮球队以微弱差距输掉了比赛,我知道你们非常失望,但是我们不应该让这次失败抹杀了队员们在整个赛季中的优异表现。我们依然为他们骄傲,他们应该鞠躬答谢。威尔逊校长。

4. 李女士,请告诉我你想在什么时间休息,这样你不在座位上时,我好安排其他人来接电话。请确认已经完成了开支报告再休息。

5. 你生活得太谨慎了,所以你从来没有冒过险。你从来没有冒过险!你对什么事都认真打算!每次一有风险,你就避开。我的天哪,这不是生活——这只是生存!

II. 1. A:好的,各位,你们已经连续努力工作了八个小时。你们为什么不休息一下呢?我去给大家拿些饮料。B:不用了,谢谢你,女士。今天晚上好像要下雨,所以我们没有时间停下工作去休息。我们必须在今晚前完成工作。

2. A:简直是疯了!我为什么要让位给琼斯,就因为他是董事长的表兄?我来公司的时间比他长多了。B:事实就是这样。你不得不接受这个事实,与董事长的家人相比,你始终没有他们那样的影响力和重要性。

3. A:你怎么看?我应该把钱投资给鲍勃的公司吗?B:我认为这么做是在冒险。结果很有可能不尽如人意,但是也有可能是好的。A:那么,你认为是有风险的,对吗?可能我需要再考虑一下。

4. A:是的,想想吧。你承担不起在投资中受损失。B:是的,我承担不起大笔的资金损失。这是肯定的。

5. A:嘿,玛丽!观众在叫你。他们为你的精彩表演而鼓掌,希望你能去谢幕。B:但是我不能鞠躬答谢,我只是个女配角。A:别想这些了,观众希望你去,快回舞台上致谢吧!你理应因你所做的一切受到赞赏。


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