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LECTURE 163 基本动词TAKE 12

所属教程:英语词组全书

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2020年07月01日

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LECTURE 163 基本动词TAKE 12

词组讲解

1. take sides ** (在争论中)支持其中一方,偏袒

解 习语;词义溯源:选择其中[一面、一方(side)]

例 It's pretty hard to take sides when I think both of them are wrong, but if I had to side with one or the other, I guess I'd stand by Wu Jin. I'm not saying I agree with him, but his argument is at least logical. Jin Hu's is totally ludicrous.

2. take 〔bring, let〕 sb. down a peg or two / take sb. down a notch or two ** 使某人丢面子,杀某人的威风

解 习语;词义溯源:将某人收容在一个或两个[钉、栓、桩、琴栓(peg)或槽口、阶段、等级、箭扣(notch)][之下(down)]

例 Hey Cindy, wait up! Hey, I wasn't able to catch up with you last night after the party, but I wanted to tell you that I thought you did a great job taking Patrick Boelter down a peg or two. You really put him in his place when you pointed out he hadn't earned even one award at the Young Artists Exhibit. Oh, he's so conceited, isn't he?

3. take sb. for sb. or sth. ** 以为,将…误认为

解 习语;词义溯源:把某人误解成某人

例 Do you guys remember the first time we met Mr. Leverly? We all thought he was going to be the most boring history teacher we'd ever had and we took him for a strict disciplinarian. Remember that? Who'd ever thought we'd end up voting for him as Teacher of the Year?

4. take sb. or sth. away / take away sb. or sth. *** 带走,拿走;(饭后)收拾桌子;消除

解 短语动词;词义溯源:把某人或某物带走到[远离(away)]这里的地方

例 It was not what I had ordered. It was some lower quality cut of meat—maybe not even beef. So I asked him to take it away and bring us the T-bone steaks we wanted. He pretended not to understand English. What he didn't know was that my wife has a good command of Thai language. She gave him a piece of her mind and the plates quickly disappeared.

5. take sb. or sth. by storm ** 强夺,完全征服

解 习语;词义溯源:对某人或某物采取[强袭、突袭(storm)]

例 City after city, the Broadway Musical CATS has taken the world by storm. Now in its twelfth year on Broadway, CATS will be performed this year in 23 major cities including Tokyo, Singapore, London and Paris by seven different casts.

巩固练习

(A) take sides

(B) take...down a peg or two

(C) took...for

(D) took...away

(E) took...by storm

1. A: Have you ever mistakenly assumed somebody in the department store was somebody who worked there? B: You mean ask them a question because you think they are an employee, but they're not? Yeah, lots of times. In fact, just yesterday I ______ a man ______ a clerk and asked him what time the store closed. He asked, “Why don't you ask someone who works here?” I was so embarrassed.

2. A: We've got to think of a way to reduce his pride and self-esteem. B: Taking away his membership in the Chamber of Commerce ought to ______ him ______. We've got the power to do it, so why not?

3. A: Where's your video game toy, Tommy? B: The teacher ______ it ______, Mommy. A: What?!The teacher confiscated it?! B: Yes. She takes all toys from students and won't let them have them again until the end of the school year.

4. A: What year was it that the rock-n-roll band called The Beatles made such a great impression on America? B: I think they ______ America ______ in 1963. They were hugely popular and successful immediately after they started performing there. They were the first of the so-called “British Invasion” bands.

5. A: No way! I'm not going to ______. If you want to, go ahead. Not me! B: I'm afraid you have no choice but to show which argument you support—the people are waiting for you to support one argument against the other.

■ ANSWER

1. (C)

2. (B)

3. (D)

4. (E)

5. (A)

参考译文

I. 1. 当我认为他们双方都有错误时,很难选择支持哪一方,但是如果必须选择支持某一方的话,我想我应该支持吴晋。我不是说我同意他的观点,但是他的论点至少符合逻辑。金虎的观点非常荒唐。

2. 嘿,辛迪,等等!嘿,昨天晚上聚会后我没能追上你,但是我想告诉你,我觉得你做得非常好,杀了帕特里克·贝尔特的威风。当你说他在年轻艺术家展览中一个奖项也没有获得时,确实挫了他的锐气。哦,他太自负了,是吧?

3. 你们还记得我们第一次见到利弗利先生时的情形吗?我们都认为他是我们遇到过的最无聊的历史老师,我们把他当成一个纪律严明的人。还记得吗?可是谁会想到我们最后选他为年度教师了?

4. 这不是我点的。这种肉的质量非常差——也许根本就不是牛肉。所以我让他拿走,给我们上我们想要的带骨牛排。他装作不懂英语,但他不知道我妻子精通泰语。我妻子把她的想法告诉了他,盘子很快就被拿走了。

5. 从一个城市到另一个城市,百老汇音乐剧《猫》征服了全世界。在百老汇上演12年之际,《猫》今年将通过七套不同的演员阵容在23个主要城市演出,包括东京、新加坡、伦敦和巴黎。

II. 1. A:你有没有错把商场中的某个人当成商场的工作人员?B:你是说,以为他们是商场的员工,问他们问题,结果他们不是?嗯,有很多次。事实上,昨天我还把一个男士当成了店员,问他商店什么时候关门。他说:“你为什么不问这的员工呢?”我非常尴尬。

2. A:我们得想个办法挫挫他的骄傲和自信。B:取消他在商会的会员资格应该能杀杀他的威风。我们有权这么做,为什么不呢?

3. A:汤米,你的电子游戏机在哪?B:妈妈,老师把它拿走了。A:什么?!老师没收了?!B:是的。她拿走了学生们的所有玩具,要到学年末才归还。

4. A:那个叫甲壳虫的摇滚乐队是在哪一年轰动美国的?B:我想他们应该是在1963年征服了美国。他们一开始在美国演出,就流行起来,并立即大获成功。这是第一支所谓的“英国入侵”的乐队。

5. A:没门!我不会支持。如果你想支持,那就支持吧。我不会!B:恐怕你别无选择,只能表明你支持哪种论点——人们等着你表态支持哪一方呢。


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