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LECTURE 165 基本动词TAKE 14

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2020年07月02日

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LECTURE 165 基本动词TAKE 14

词组讲解

1. take one's breath away ** 使某人大为惊讶或感动

解 习语;词义溯源:[持续地、不断地(away)]抢夺某人的[气息、呼吸(breath)]

例 If it's breathtaking views you want, what better place than the Hilton Hotel at Paragini Peak to have your company's functions? And you thought our award-winning service was the only thing that could take your breath away at the Hilton? Call or fax the Hilton Paragini Peak today. 932-5585.

2. take sb. to task ** 责备,批评

解 习语;词义溯源:用[苦难(task)]对待某人

例 Go ahead and hang your signs up, but when the factory foreman finds them you're going to have hell to pay . He doesn't take kindly to workers hanging up notices about the rights of laborers. He'll most definitely take you to task for it, and maybe even fire you.

3. take sb. to the cleaners * (赌博中)赢走(某人)所有的钱;使(某人)破产

解 俚语;词义溯源:像[洗衣店(cleaners)]洗衣服一样,把某人的财物抢夺干净

例 Seoul Metropolitan Police has gone on television with warnings about dubious business schemes that prey on unsuspecting young couples. “The schemes usually involve the couple investing a very small amount and then receiving a 30% return in a matter of weeks,” the broadcast explained. “Then the couple is asked to invest more and more until in the end they are taken to the cleaners. ”

4. take sb. under one's wing 〔wings〕 ** 庇护

解 习语;词义溯源:将某人收容在(护在)某人的[羽翼(wing)]之[下(under)]

例 There's nothing wrong—in fact it's very proper—for a political party like ours to take an organization like Women's Equal Rights under our wing. Without a large and powerful organization standing behind them, the WER will certainly fail and this country will have missed out on an opportunity to...

5. take sb. up on sth. / take up sb. on sth. *** 接受(邀请、提案、挑战等)

解 〈口〉短语动词;词义溯源:[对于(on)]某事让某人坐在[上方(up)]

例 Looking back on my years at the university, I can see now that I should have taken Daryl up on his offer to let me join him in his cable television productions company he wanted to start in California. I just wasn't brave enough to take a shot at something with an uncertain future.

巩固练习

(A) takes...breath away

(B) take...to task

(C) take...to the cleaners

(D) take...under his wing

(E) take...up on

1. A: I remember the first time I ever flew in an airplane. We climbed above the clouds and I could see the sun on the horizon. Wow, it was so amazing, so beautiful, so astonishing that I couldn't say anything. B: I think that sight ______ everybody's ______ the first time they see it.

2. A: How long is the construction ministry going to stand by and let these cement suppliers charge us whatever they want? They're causing us to lose so much money that many small builders will have to go bankrupt soon. B: I'm afraid there's nothing the government can do. A: So you're just going to let them ______ us ______?

3. A: If you're not willing to criticize and argue with the police chief for things he does wrong, he'll think he's been given a free rein and do whatever he wants in this town. I'm warning you, you'd better get up enough nerve to ______ him ______ or...B: I've tried reproving him. He just laughs at me. What else can I do?

4. A: My wife says as soon as she's had a baby, she wants to ______ you ______ that trip to Ski Resort. B: I'd be delighted if the two of you accepted the offer I've made you.

5. A: John's advantage in this company is the fact that Mr. Worley protects him and takes care of him all the time. He'll go far because of that. B: Why did Mr. Worley ______ him ______?

■ ANSWER

1. (A)

2. (C)

3. (B)

4. (E)

5. (D)

参考译文

I. 1. 如果您想欣赏壮观的风景,还有什么地方能比帕拉吉尼山顶的希尔顿酒店更能满足您公司的需要呢?而且,难道您觉得只有备受赞誉的服务才是希尔顿唯一可以让您大吃一惊的特色吗?现在就致电或发传真至帕拉吉尼山顶的希尔顿酒店:932-5585。

2. 快,把你们的签名挂起来,但是如果被工厂的工头发现了,你们的下场会很惨。他对那些挂横幅要求劳动者权利的工人可不会客气。他很有可能找你们的麻烦,甚至可能把你们开除。

3. 首尔都市警察局在电视上发出警告,让大家小心可疑的商业计划,这些商业计划专门诈骗没有戒备心的年轻夫妇。“通常情况下,这些商业计划怂恿年轻夫妇进行小额投资,在几周后获得30%的回报,”电视报道中解释道,“之后,年轻夫妇被要求进行越来越多的投资,直到最后破产。”

4. 没错——像我们这样的政党将妇女平等权利这样的组织拉入自己旗下实际上是非常合适的。没有强有力的庞大组织的支持,妇女平等权利组织肯定会失败,这个国家将失去机会……

5. 回想起上大学的日子,我现在发现,当初我应该接受达里尔的邀请,去他要在加州成立的有线电视生产公司工作。当时我只是没有足够的勇气去尝试前景不明确的事情。

II. 1. A:我记得我第一次乘坐飞机时的情景。我们在云上飞行,我能看到地平线上的太阳。哇,太美了,太漂亮了,太令人惊讶了,我都说不出话来了。B:我觉得那样的景色能让所有第一次看到它的人大吃一惊。

2. A:建设部还能袖手旁观多久,任由那些水泥供应商们漫天要价?他们让我们损失了太多的资金,许多小型建筑公司很快就会破产。B:我觉得政府无能为力。A:所以,就任由他们逼我们破产吗?

3. A:如果你不愿意批评警察局长做错的事情,不与他争论,他就会认为他有无限的权力,可以在这个城镇为所欲为。我警告你,你最好鼓足勇气批评他,否则……B:我曾经试着责备他。他只是嘲笑我。我还能怎么办?

4. A:我的妻子说等她生完孩子,她想接受你的建议,去滑雪度假村旅游。B:如果你们两个都能接受我的邀请,我会非常高兴的。

5. A:约翰在这个公司的优势在于,沃利先生时刻保护和照顾他。他会因此而失去分寸的。B:可沃利先生为什么要庇护他呢?


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