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LECTURE 168 基本动词TAKE 17

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2020年07月02日

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LECTURE 168 基本动词TAKE 17

词组讲解

1. take sth. up with sb. / take up sth. with sb. *** (向…)提出(问题等要求处理或答复),提请…考虑

解 短语动词;词义溯源:与某人[一起(with)]将某事拿[出(up)]

例 Iwas afraid that I couldn't decide this matter, therefore, I took it up at once with Tress, and was informed that he had received no complaint.

2. take sth. upon oneself / take sth. on oneself ** 承担

解 习语;词义溯源:将某事抬到自己身[上(on)]

解 “I looked around but I couldn't find anyone who worked on the boat,” Tyrone detailed the situation when he first noticed the fishing vessel slipping away from its mooring at Wharton Harbor. “So I took it upon myself to jump on the boat, find the control tower and steer it back into its place at the dock. ”

3. take sth. with a grain of salt / take sth. with a pinch of salt ** 对…抱着怀疑态度,将信将疑

解 习语;词义溯源:将别人的话看做[带有(with)][少量的盐(a grain of salt)或一粒盐(a pinch of salt)];即持怀疑态度

例 Advertisements for diet programs that claim miraculous results need to be taken with a grain of salt. By law, the advertisers can not lie about their products' effectiveness, but that doesn't keep them from distorting the truth. If the claim is too good to believe, it probably isn't believable.

4. take steps to prevent sth. / take steps ** 采取措施

解 习语;词义溯源:为了预防某事而采取[措施、举措(steps)]

例 The Sioux City Police hope that by taking steps to foster a better relationship between their officers and members of the gangs, they can build up the youths' trust and rein in the gang violence that has gripped the city since the riots last summer. “Confrontation has accomplished nothing. It's time we held out the olive branch ,” said Chief Warren.

5. take stock of sth. / take stock ** 对…估价;对(资源或潜力)作出判断

解 习语;词义溯源:对某物做[评价(stock)]

例 Until the heavy storms lift, rescuers flying over in helicopters will not be able to take stock of the situation on the ground. It is known some people survived the crash, but until they can get closer the rescuers won't be able to get a handle on their situation.

巩固练习

(A) take...up with

(B) take...upon himself

(C) take...with a grain of salt

(D) take steps

(E) taking stock of

1. A: It's best to ______ his mountain climbing adventure stories ______. B: Why should I doubt he's telling the truth? A: He has reputation for not telling the truth when he tells stories about his mountain climbing experiences, so we all listen to what he has to say with skepticism, doubting it's completely true.

2. A: How about my pay raise? Have you discussed it with Mr. Baer yet? B: Oh yes, I forgot. I'll be seeing him tomorrow—I'll ______ it ______ him then.

3. A: We need to take a few days off and think about our lives, our careers, our children and our future. Let's consider all aspects of our lives so that we can better understand who we are and where we're going. B: I don't think ______ our lives is going to help our marriage any. Our differences are too deep, too basic.

4. A: Tom just decided to cut down the tree without asking for anyone's permission or approval. The city fined him $500 for it. B: He's a bold young man, isn't he? Presumptuous too, eh? Well maybe this $500 fine will teach him he can't ______ everything ______.

5. A: The mandate of this committee is to suggest things the state government can do to achieve its goal of educating the public on AIDS. Let's not go astray by talking about unrelated health care issues. B: Unrelated? I beg to differ. If the government wants to ______ to educate people on AIDS, the first thing they need to do is educate the health care providers.

■ ANSWER

1. (C)

2. (A)

3. (E)

4. (B)

5. (D)

参考译文

I. 1. 我担心自己无法决定这件事情,于是立即将此事提交给特雷斯考虑,但是后来获悉他根本未曾收到投诉。

2. “我四处查看,但是没发现船上有人干活,”蒂龙详细地描述了他一开始注意到的渔船在沃顿港的泊头上滑走时的情形,“所以我自作主张跳上船,找到控制塔台,把它开回了码头。”

3. 不能完全相信那些声称有神奇效果的减肥计划的广告。按照法律,广告商不能对产品的有效性说谎,但是这并没有阻止他们歪曲事实。如果他们说得太好了,就有可能完全不可信。

4. 苏城的警方希望通过采取措施,在警察和团伙成员之间建立良好的关系,他们想增强他们在年轻人中的信任程度,控制自去年夏天暴乱发生以来笼罩这个城市的团伙暴力。“对抗不能解决任何事情。是我们抛出橄榄枝的时候了,”局长沃伦说。

5. 在暴风雨停歇前,直升机里的救援人员无法估量地面上的情况。据说有些人从空难中活了下来,但是在靠近空难现场之前,救援人员无法掌握他们的情况。

II. 1. A:最好不要完全相信他那些登山冒险的故事。B:我为什么要怀疑他没有讲真话?A:他因讲登山冒险故事时撒谎而出名,所以我们都抱着怀疑的态度听他说话,怀疑他所说的不完全是事实。

2. A:我加薪的事怎么样了?你和贝尔先生讨论过了吗?B:哦,对了,我忘了,我明天去见他——到时候我就跟他提。

3. A:我们需要休息几天,思考一下我们的生活、工作、孩子和未来。我们思考一下生活的方方面面吧,这样我们才能更好地知道我们的现状和我们的未来。B:我认为盘点我们的生活对挽救我们的婚姻没有任何帮助。我们的分歧太深、太牢固了。

4. A:汤姆决定不经过任何人的批准或许可,砍掉这棵树。市政府因此罚了他500美元。B:他是个大胆的年轻人,是吧?也太冒昧了,是不是?嗯,这500美元也许能教会他不能凡事自作主张。

5. A:这个委员会的使命就是向州政府建议做些事情,实现向公众普及防治艾滋病教育的目标。我们别打岔,别去讨论与医疗卫生不相关的问题。B:不相关的问题?没有吧。如果政府想要采取措施,向公众普及防治艾滋病的教育,他们首先要做的就是对医疗卫生服务提供者进行培训。


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