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LECTURE 179 基本动词WORK 2

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2020年07月07日

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LECTURE 179 基本动词WORK 2

词组讲解

1. work one's way through ** (聚精会神地)完成

解 习语;词义溯源:缓慢而艰难地前进是为了[通过(through)]那条[路(way)]

例 Dear family and friends of Walter Eaton, we're gathered here today to pay our last respects to a fine young man whose life has come to an end much too soon. Walter was the most industrious young man I've ever met. An orphan at the age of 17, he came to grips with the loss of his parents and worked his way through college, graduating last year with honors. His future was bright.

2. work one's way up ** (工作或地位)逐步提高,向上爬

解 习语;词义溯源:一[路(way)][向上(up)]缓慢而艰难地前进

例 Don't think the church is any different than any other organization. There are some priests who spend a lot of their time and effort trying to work their way up. Pastor, Bishop, university head, Cardinal—they're all important steps in a career-minded priest's life.

3. work out *** 锻炼,运动;实现,产生预期的结果;算出,解决

解 短语动词;词义溯源:在[外(out)]工作或[完全地(out)]得到预期的结果

例 I'm not the type who could enjoy working out in a gymnasium with dozens of other people all sweating and grunting. No, I like to go to some place where I can get away from it all —you know, like out in the countryside.

4. work out for the best ** 以最好的结果结束

解 习语;词义溯源:产生[最好的(the best)]结果

例 Hey, you never know, but losing your job might work out for the best. Now you'll have the time to start that flower and garden shop you've been talking about starting for years. What do you say, honey? Want to give it a shot ? This could turn out to be the best thing that's ever happened to you.

5. work sb. or sth. in / work in sb. or sth. *** 使插入,使进入

解 短语动词;词义溯源:为进入其[中(in)]而努力工作

例 Mother, you must think there are 30 hours in a day!I'm already attending piano school, computer school, math and science school and English language classes. How do you think I'm going to work in Tae Kwon Do classes?!

巩固练习

(A) work your way through

(B) work your way up

(C) work out

(D) work out for the best

(E) work in

1. A: Sure I can afford to pay for all of my son's expenses there, but I want him to learn to support himself. So I'm making him do what I had to do: get a job so I could pay for my education expenses on my own. B: It's a little different though. You had to ______ college because your family was poor. You had no choice.

2. A: The tour is only three days, but if you follow the route I've suggested, you'll be able to see San Francisco, Los Angeles and Las Vegas. You may even be able to ______ a quick trip to the Grand Canyon. B: Oh, the Grand Canyon would be nice. Is it really possible? How do we manage to include that in just three days?

3. A: I hated Mother for days for sending my dog to live on my grandparents' farm. But it ______, because just a week later the dog saved my grandparents' lives when there was a fire and he woke them up. B: So in the end, sending the dog there was a good thing to do, wasn't it?

4. A: They'll tell you that you can get promoted and become a leader of the organization someday, but don't believe it. The highest they'll let a foreigner go in this company is general manager. B: There's absolutely no way to ______ to the executive level?

5. A: Where are you headed, Mark? B: To the gymnasium. I'm going to ______ with my wife. A: You exercise with your wife? Hey, great. I'll have to try that.

■ ANSWER

1. (A)

2. (E)

3. (D)

4. (B)

5. (C)

参考译文

I. 1. 亲爱的沃尔特·伊顿的家人和朋友,我们今天齐聚于此,向这位英年早逝的青年才子致以最后的敬意。沃尔特是我见过的最勤劳的年轻人。他17岁时成了孤儿,独自承受失去父母的痛苦,边挣钱边求学,去年以优异的成绩毕业。他的前途本应是光明的。

2. 别认为教堂和其他机构有什么不同。总有些神父花费很多时间和精力,努力往上爬。牧师、主教、大学校长、红衣主教——对于一个事业心强的神父来说,这是很重要的几步。

3. 我不能和数十个汗流浃背、喘着粗气的人在同一个体育馆健身。不,我想去那些能让我远离这一切的地方——你知道的,比如乡村。

4. 嘿,世事难料,说不定你失去工作可能会有好的结果呢。现在,你有时间开那个鲜花园艺店了。你都说了好多年了。亲爱的,你觉得怎么样?想试试吗?这可能是你经历的最好的事情。

5. 妈妈,你一定觉得一天有30个小时!我已经参加了钢琴班、计算机班、数学和科学班以及英语班。你觉得我哪来的时间参加跆拳道班呢?!

II. 1. A:当然,我付得起我儿子在那里的全部费用,但是我想让他学会自食其力。所以我让他做我以前必须做的事情:找份工作,这样就能自己交学费了。B:但是这有点不同。你是因为家庭贫困才不得不边挣钱边求学。你没有别的选择。

2. A:旅游时间只有三天,但是如果你选择我建议的路线,你就有机会游览旧金山、洛杉矶和拉斯维加斯。你甚至可能还有空参加去大峡谷的短途旅游。B:哦,大峡谷很不错。真的有可能吗?我们怎么才能把它包括在短短三天的行程中呢?

3. A:因为母亲把我的狗送到了我祖父母的农场,我已经恨她好多天了。但是结果很好,因为就在一周后,农场发生火灾,我的狗叫醒了祖父母,救了他们。B:所以,总之,把这狗送到那里是件好事,对吗?

4. A:他们会告诉你,你将来可以获得晋升,成为企业的领导人,但是别相信这个。他们让外国人在这个公司获得的最高职位就是总经理。B:绝对没有办法爬到管理层了?

5. A:马克,你要去哪?B:去健身房。我要跟我妻子一起健身。A:你跟你妻子一起去健身?嘿,很好。我也要试试。


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