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12 CARRY: (用手、肩等)搬,举,扛;运,搬运;承受;运(球);具有

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2020年07月10日

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12 CARRY: (用手、肩等)搬,举,扛;运,搬运;承受;运(球);具有

词组讲解

1. carry a torch for sb. / carry a 〔the〕 torch ** 爱上某人(尤指单相思)

解 习语;词义溯源:为某人举[火把(torch)]

例 Why don't you stop carrying a torch for a girl you're never going to have?

2. carry coals to Newcastle ** 画蛇添足,多此一举

解 习语;词义溯源:向纽卡斯尔运[煤(coals)];这是英国流传至今的习语,纽卡斯尔曾经是为英国其他地方提供煤炭的城市

例 Don't you think filling this form out three times is carrying coals to Newcastle?

3. carry on with 〔about〕 sb. or sth. / carry on *** 继续做;与某人有暧昧关系;吵吵闹闹,举动失常

解 短语动词;词义溯源:与某人一起[持续不停地(on)]搬运

例 After the visitor left, we carried on with our discussion.

They've been carrying on for years.

Greg was carrying on about something his brother had done to him.

4. carry 〔pull〕 one's (own) weight ** 尽自己的本分,尽职尽责

解 习语;词义溯源:承受自身的[重量、比重(weight)]

例 Each member must start carrying his own weight instead making just a few of us do all of the work ourselves.

5. carry sb. or sth. away *** 带走;偷走;使某人失去自制力或非常兴奋

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某人或某物运到[远方(away)]

例 Several of the demonstrators refused to stand up and had to be carried away.

6. carry sb. or sth. off / carry off sb. or sth. *** 带走;偷走;赢得;成功地应付局面

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某人或某物运[到远方(off)]或运[离(off)];参照bring sth. off

例 One of the boys tried to carry off the statue, but it was too heavy for him.

The plan was carried off flawlessly.

7. carry sb. or sth. out / carry out sb. or sth. *** 抬走,运走;实施;完成任务;完成课题

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某人或某物运[出去(out)]

例 The bomb squad retrieved the suspicious package and carried it out.

A soldier is expected to carry out his orders thoroughly and expeditiously.

8. carry sth. over / carry over sth. *** 延期,推后

解 短语动词;词义溯源:搬运某物[越过(over)]某物

例 It is illegal to carry profits from one year over to the next year's tax report.

9. carry the ball ** (在运动中,特别是橄榄球比赛中得分时)持球前突;负责

解 习语;词义溯源:运[球(ball)];参照drop the ball

例 In rugby the players carry the ball down the field.

It was up to me to carry the ball or the job wasn't going to get done.

10. carry the torch ** 举火把;领导斗争或运动

解 习语;词义溯源:举[火把(torch)];参照carry a torch for sb.

例 The rebel leader vowed to carry the torch of freedom long after their victory.

11. carry the weight of the world on one's shoulders ** 肩负重任,太过操心

解 习语;词义溯源:将世界上的[重担(weight)]都扛在肩膀上

例 Relax, Bob. Stop carrying the weight of the world on your shoulders.

12. carry weight with sb. / carry weight ** 有影响;有分量

解 习语;词义溯源:对某人具有[影响力、重要性、价值(weight)]

例 The Chamber of Commerce carries weight with business and political leaders.

参考译文

1. 你为什么要痴恋一个你永远无法得到的女孩呢?

2. 你不觉得填三遍这个表格是多此一举吗?

3. 访客离开后,我们继续进行讨论。

他们的暧昧关系已经有很多年了。

格雷格因为他弟弟对他做的事而吵闹不休。

4. 每一位成员都必须尽职尽责,而不是仅仅让我们几个人干活。

5. 有几个示威者拒绝站起来,结果只能被带走了。

6. 其中一个男孩试图搬走雕像,但是对他来说太重了。

计划完成得毫无瑕疵。

7. 防爆小组找到了可疑包裹,并把它运走了。

士兵应该十分迅速、彻底地执行命令。

8. 把一年的利润转入下年的税务报告是违法的。

9. 在玩英式橄榄球时,球员带着球在球场上飞奔。

要不是我担起责任,工作就无法完成。

10. 叛军首领宣誓,在取得胜利后将始终忠于自由的信念。

11. 放松点,鲍勃。别太过操心了。

12. 商会对商业和政治领袖有很大的影响力。


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