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50 LOSE: 失去,丧失;忘记;迷失;输给…

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2020年07月20日

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50 LOSE: 失去,丧失;忘记;迷失;输给…

词组讲解

1. lose face ** 失去颜面,丢面子

解 习语;词义溯源:失去[脸面(face)]

例 Losing face is the worst thing that can happen to an Asian businessman.

2. lose ground ** 衰退,落后;股市下跌

解 习语;词义溯源:失去[阵地、基石(ground)]

例 After four years of market share gains, we started losing ground in 1992.

3. lose heart ** 灰心

解 习语;词义溯源:失去[勇气、精神(heart)]

例 We lost every game that season, but we never lost heart.

4. lose 〔blow〕 one's cool * 失去理性;沉不住气

解 俚语;词义溯源:失去[冷静(cool)]

例 If you lose your cool, you might say something you'll regret later.

5. lose one's grip ** 没抓住;失去控制

解 习语;词义溯源:失去[抓力、控制力(grip)]

例 We were carrying the machine when Pete lost his grip and we dropped it.

Mr. Anderson is 67 years old, and I'm afraid he's losing his grip these days.

6. lose one's head over sb. or sth. / lose one's head ** 失去理智;慌乱

解 习语;词义溯源:[为(over)]某人或某事而失去了自己的[头脑(head)]

例 I know I was wrong. I shouldn't have hit her. I just lost my head.

7. lose one's marbles 〔mind〕 * 疯了;失去理性;失去分辨力

解 俚语;词义溯源:失去[判断力、分辨力(marbles)]或[理智(mind)]

例 Are you losing your marbles, Chris? How could you even consider marrying a woman who has three children already?

8. lose one's reason ** (因为生气而) 失去理性;发疯

解 习语;词义溯源:失去自己的[理性(reason)]

例 The defendant claims that his painful illness caused him to lose his reason.

9. lose one's shirt * 丧失全部财产;身无分文

解 俚语;词义溯源:失去自己的衬衫

例 Hanjin Construction lost their shirt on that project when Egypt cancelled it.

10. lose one's temper ** 生气;大发雷霆

解 习语;词义溯源:丧失了自己的[脾气、性情(temper)]

例 Bob loses his temper too quickly. The slightest thing can get him angry.

11. lose one's touch ** 丧失原来的技术

解 习语;词义溯源:丧失了与某人或某物的[联系(touch)];常指工作能力不如以前

例 Hank used to be our best salesman, but nowadays he seems to have lost his touch.

12. lose one's train of thought ** 被打断思路

解 习语;词义溯源:忘记了[一连串的想法(train of thought)]

例 Somebody telephoned me right in the middle of our discussion and made me lose my train of thought.

13. lose oneself in sth. / lose oneself ** 深陷于;热衷于

解 习语;词义溯源:迷失于某事中

例 Once he starts painting, he completely loses himself in his work.

14. lose out to sb. or sth. *** (在竞争中)输给某人或某物

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[完全(out)]输给某人或某事

例 CBX Music lost out to Midland Records for the Michael Bolton contract.

15. lose sight of sb. or sth. ** 看不见;忘记

解 习语;词义溯源:失去[视力(sight)]而看不到某人或某物

例 I saw the car turn west on Oak Street and then I lost sight of it.

No matter how difficult things get, we must never lose sight of our objective.

16. lose sleep over sb. or sth. ** 担忧;操心;辗转反侧

解 习语;词义溯源:[因为(over)]某人或某事而失去[睡眠(sleep)]

例 It's natural to be worried in this situation, but losing sleep over it won't help.

17. lose touch with sb. or sth. ** 失去联系

解 习语;词义溯源:失去与某人或某事的[接触(touch)];参照keep in touch with sb.

例 After moving to California, we gradually lost touch with our relatives back in Ohio.

18. lose track of sb. or sth. ** 失去了某人或某物的消息;不留心某人或某物的进展

解 习语;词义溯源:失去关于某人或某事的[线索、踪迹(track)]

例 She lost track of how much she was spending, and ran out of money.

参考译文

1. 丢面子对亚洲商人来说是最糟糕的事情。

2. 我们经过四年的市场份额增加后,在1992年开始衰退。

3. 虽然我们那个赛季的比赛都输了,但我们从未灰心过。

4. 如果你沉不住气,你可能会说一些将来会后悔的话。

5. 我们正抬着机器,突然皮特没抓住,机器掉在了地上。

安德森先生67岁了,我担心他最近在慢慢丧失控制力。

6. 我知道我错了。我不应该打她。我只是失去了理智。

7. 你疯了吗,克里斯?你怎么能打算娶一个已有三个孩子的女人呢?

8. 被告声称,疾病带来的痛苦让他失去了理智。

9. 由于埃及取消了那个项目,韩锦建筑公司失去了一切。

10. 鲍勃太容易发脾气了。再小的一点事情也能让他生气。

11. 汉克以前是我们最优秀的销售人员,但是现在他的表现好像大不如前。

12. 我们讨论的过程中有人给我打电话,把我的思路打断了。

13. 他一开始画画,就完全沉浸在了作品中。

14. CBX音乐公司输给了米德兰德唱片公司,没有签到歌手迈克尔·波顿。

15. 我看到那辆车在橡树大街向西转弯,然后就看不到它了。

不论事情有多困难,我们都不能忘记我们的目标。

16. 在这种情况下,担心是正常的,但是太过忧虑是没有用的。

17. 搬到加利福尼亚州之后,我们逐渐失去了与俄亥俄州的亲人的联系。

18. 她不注意自己花了多少钱,结果没钱了。


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