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> 英语词汇 > 英语词组全书 >  第293课

55 PAY: 付款,付钱,支付;偿还;把…给…;表达;进行

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2020年07月21日

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55 PAY: 付款,付钱,支付;偿还;把…给…;表达;进行

词组讲解

1. pay as you go ** 现购现付;量入为出

解 习语;词义溯源:在需要支付的时候支付

例 I don't use any kind of credit card. I think it's best to pay as you go.

2. pay attention to sb. or sth. ** 注意,关注

解 习语;词义溯源:把[注意力(attention)]给某人或某物

例 Weren't you paying attention to it when I said this is a no-smoking area?

3. pay for sth. *** 付款;遭到惩罚;付出代价

解 短语动词;词义溯源:为某物付钱

例 How would you like to pay for this, sir? Cash, check or credit card?

If you keep smoking, you're going to pay for it when you're old and dying of cancer.

4. pay in advance ** 提前支付

解 习语;词义溯源:[提前、预先(in advance)]付款

例 Those wishing to partake in the banquet must pay in advance the $22 fee.

5. pay lip service to sth. ** 口头上承认;嘴上说得好听

解 习语;词义溯源:对某事表达[甜言蜜语、口头上的好意(lip service)]

例 Japan pays lip service to free markets, but continues to support policies that keep their markets closed tight to foreign competition.

6. pay one's debt to society ** 向社会还债;蹲监狱

解 习语;词义溯源:向社会偿还[债务(debt)]

例 Having spent 17 years in jail, the man has paid his debt to society.

7. pay one's dues ** 缴纳会费;尽责,尽职

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:支付[会费、手续费(dues)]

例 Before we adjourn, let me remind our members it's time to pay your annual dues.

Many voters thought George Bush had paid his dues as Vice-president under Ronald Reagan for eight years.

8. pay one's way / pay one's own way ** 为…支付;自己负担

解 习语;词义溯源:为某人支付或用[自己的方式(one's own way)]支付

例 The Republican Party paid my way to the annual Young Leaders Conference.

9. pay sb. a compliment ** 称赞,恭维

解 习语;词义溯源:对某人表达[敬意、称赞(compliment)]

例 Don't forget to pay your employees a compliment when they do something good.

10. pay sb. a left-handed compliment ** 似褒实贬地赞美;言不由衷地恭维

解 习语;词义溯源:对某人表达[虚情假意的(left-handed)][赞美、称赞(compliment)]

例 He paid left-handed compliments so well, those who received them rarely figured out he was being sarcastic and criticizing them.

11. pay sb. a visit / pay a visit ** 拜访

解 习语;词义溯源:对某人进行[拜访(visit)]

例 The last time we met was when I paid him a visit at his office last September.

12. pay sb. or sth. off *** 贿赂;还清债务;付清工资解雇

解 短语动词;词义溯源:某人[彻底地、完全地(off)]支付债务;参照buy sb. off

例 Everyone knew the drug dealers and gangs were paying the police off.

13. pay the piper 〔fiddler〕 ** 担负费用;自食其果

解 习语;词义溯源:付钱给[吹笛子的人(piper)]或[拉小提琴的人(fiddler)]

例 I was a runner for over 30 years. Now I'm paying the piper with arthritis in my knees.

14. pay up *** 付清欠款

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[彻底、全部(up)]支付

例 If you don't pay up, the man who lent you the money is going to kill you.

参考译文

1. 我不用任何信用卡。我想最好是量入为出。

2. 我说这是无烟区的时候,你没有注意吗?

3. 先生,您打算怎么付款?现金、支票还是信用卡?

如果你一直抽烟,等你老了并死于癌症的时候就是为此付出的代价。

4. 想参加宴会的人必须预付22美元。

5. 日本口头上承认自由市场,但实际上他们仍继续支持封闭市场的政策,避免国外竞争。

6. 那个人在监狱里待了17年,向社会还清了债务。

7. 在休会之前,我先提醒我们的会员该缴年费了。

许多选民认为,乔治·布什在罗纳德·里根手下担任副总统的八年里尽职尽责。

8. 共和党为我承担了参加青年领袖大会的费用。

9. 当员工做得好的时候,别忘了称赞他们。

10. 他很会说言不由衷的恭维话。人们几乎听不出他是在讽刺和批评他们。

11. 上次我们见面是在去年九月,我去他办公室拜访了他。

12. 所有人都知道毒贩子和帮派贿赂警察。

13. 我当了30多年的跑步运动员,现在我的膝盖有关节炎,这是我付出的代价。

14. 如果你不全部还清,借钱给你的人会杀了你的。


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