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> 英语词汇 > 英语词组全书 >  第309课

71 SET: 放置;竖立;设为;

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2020年07月25日

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71 SET: 放置;竖立;设为;开始,准备好(做某事);点(火);使处于某种状态;摆放餐具;建立

词组讲解

1. (be) set to do sth. / (all) set to do sth. / (all) set ** 做好充分准备的;一切安排妥当的

解 习语;词义溯源:准备好做某事

例 When you're set to paint, let me know and I'll give you some advice.

2. set a precedent ** 开创先例

解 习语;词义溯源:设定[先例(precedent)]

例 The decision to let U.S. troops fall under the command of the United Nations set a precedent.

3. set 〔lay〕 eyes on sb. or sth. ** 看,看到

解 习语;词义溯源:把[眼睛(eyes)]放在某人或某物[上(on)]

例 Can you remember the very first time you set eyes on your husband?

I've never laid eyes on an actual rainbow. I've only seen photos of them.

4. set fire to sb. or sth. / set sb. or sth. on fire ** 点火;使激动

解 习语;词义溯源:在某人或某物上点[火(fire)]

例 To make the murder look like an accident, the woman set fire to their apartment.

5. set foot ** 进入;踏上

解 习语;词义溯源:把[脚(foot)]放入;常用于否定句中

例 David left the next day and never set foot in his parents' home again.

6. set 〔launch〕 forth on sth. / set 〔launch〕 forth *** 出发,动身;陈述,说明

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[朝着(on)]某物开始[向前(forth)]

例 It was now five days since he set forth and we still hadn't heard from him.

Before I set forth, let me express my appreciation for being invited to speak.

7. set in *** (冬季、夏季等)来临;开始;盛行

解 短语动词;词义溯源:开始[向里(in)];经常用来形容各种气候状态

例 Realization of just how tragic John's assassination was set in weeks later.

8. set off 〔out〕 for sth. / set off 〔out〕 *** 动身前往,上路

解 短语动词;词义溯源:开始[走开(off)]去某处;参照 set forth on sth.

例 Not finding him in his office, I set off for his favorite bar and found him there.

9. set one's sights on sth. ** 以某物为目标

解 习语;词义溯源:将[目标(sights)]放在某处

例 My son has set his sights on becoming an astronaut.

10. set one's teeth on edge ** (因吃酸苹果等)使人感到不舒服;给人带来不快

解 习语;词义溯源:将某人的牙齿放于[边缘或刀口(edge)];on edge的意思是“不安,焦躁;恼怒”

例 They told me the fruit would set my teeth on edge, but I didn't believe them.

There's something about him that sets my teeth on edge. And I'm not the only one who thinks he has an irritating personality.

11. set sail for sth. / set sail ** 起航

解 习语;词义溯源:向着某处竖起[风帆(sail)]

例 When Columbus set sail, he thought he would end up in India.

The ship was loaded with fresh supplies and set sail for Newfoundland.

12. set sb. back on one's heels ** 使某人受惊;拖某人后腿

解 习语;词义溯源:使某人[受到惊吓(back on one's heels)]

例 The market lost 432 points today, setting investors back on their heels.

13. set sb. or sth. back / set back sb. or sth. *** 阻止;推迟;使受挫;使花费

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某人或某物放置在[后面、后方(back)]

例 Bad weather and high seas set the expedition back 4 days.

Air conditioning is optional and will set you back an additional $450.

14. set sb. or sth. free ** 释放;让某人或某物获得自由

解 习语;词义溯源:使某人或某物处于[自由的(free)]状态

例 Soon after the government set him free, Nelson was elected President.

We pounded on the elevator doors, shouting for someone to set us free.

15. set sb. or sth. off / set off sb. or sth. *** 引起,诱发

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某人或某物放到[远处(off)]

例 News of the innocent verdict set off riots in the city's black neighborhoods.

16. set sb. or sth. up / set up sb. or sth. / set up *** 竖起;开办,设立;安置;冤枉,诬陷;大量提供;自称为,自命为;资助某人开始经商

解 〈口〉短语动词;词义溯源:将某人或某物放于[上方(up)]

例 Meanwhile, one of the defendants claims the police set him up.

Construction workers will be setting up scaffolds around the building.

St. John's Vocational School was set up in 1954 by Father Thomas Vater.

BIF was set up as the representative company of British Petroleum.

It was his grandfather who set Tom up in business, not his father.

17. set 〔lay〕 sth. aside / set 〔lay〕 aside sth. *** 废除,宣布某物无效;将某物分开,把某物放在一边

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某物放在[旁边(aside)]

例 Until we have the results of the survey, let's set this decision aside.

Set aside $100 a month, and in 20 years you'll have saved quite a bit.

18. set sth. out / set out sth. *** 栽种;画(图)

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某物放[出来(out)]

例 In May, you can watch the farmers setting out their rice seedling by hand.

I'll set the microfiche file out so you can look through it whenever you want.

19. set 〔put〕 sth. right ** 纠正(错误等);解决(问题等)

解 习语;词义溯源:将某物[公正地、正确地(right)]放置

例 We're sorry for the misunderstanding and hope our apology sets things right between us.

20. set the table ** 摆饭桌,摆餐具

解 习语;词义溯源:摆放[饭桌(table)];指在吃饭前将餐具摆放在桌子上

例 Mother asked me to set the table while she prepared dinner.

21. set the world on fire ** 取得了卓越的成就;一举成名

解 习语;词义溯源:将世界置于[火海(fire)];经常用于否定句中

例 Of all the students, Walter seemed the least likely to set the world on fire.

22. set up shop ** 开业

解 习语;词义溯源:将[商店(shop)]建立[起来(up)]

例 My partner and I first set up shop in a small storefront on Mason Avenue. We called our shop “W & M Tailors.”

23. set upon sb. or sth. *** 攻击

解 短语动词;词义溯源:[将(upon)]某人或某物设为目标

例 The director set upon his critics in a press release full of expletives.

参考译文

1. 你准备好画画的时候告诉我,我会给你一些建议。

2. 让美国军队接受联合国指挥的决定开创了先例。

3. 你还记得第一次看见你丈夫的情景吗?

我从来没有看到过真正的彩虹。我只见过照片。

4. 为了让谋杀看起来像是事故,那个女人放火烧了他们的公寓。

5. 第二天戴维离开了,从此再也没有踏进他父母的家门。

6. 他五天前就动身了,但我们还没有他的消息。

首先,请允许我对获邀演讲表示感谢。

7. 几周之后,人们开始意识到约翰的遇刺有多悲惨。

8. 在他办公室找不到他,所以我去了他最喜欢的酒吧,在那里找到了他。

9. 我儿子立志要成为一名宇航员。

10. 他们跟我说这种水果会让人牙齿发酸,但是我不相信。

他的一些事让我感到不舒服。而且不止我一个人认为他的个性让人生气。

11. 哥伦布起航时,他以为他最终会到达印度。

该船满载新鲜物资,起航向纽芬兰驶去。

12. 今天股市下跌了432点,让投资者大吃一惊。

13. 糟糕的天气和大风浪使探险推迟了四天。

空调是任选的,需要额外花费450美元。

14. 政府把他释放后不久,纳尔逊就当选为总统。

我们重重地敲打着电梯门,大叫大嚷希望有人来把我们放出去。

15. 无罪裁定的新闻在市内的黑人聚居区引发了骚乱。

16. 同时,一位被告宣称警察冤枉了他。

建筑工人将在大楼周围竖起脚手架。

1954年,托马斯·法特神父开办了圣约翰职业学校。

BIF被视为英国石油的代表公司。

资助汤姆经商的是他爷爷,不是他爸爸。

17. 在得到调查结果之前,我们先把决定放在一边。

每个月留出100美元,20年后你就能存一大笔钱了。

18. 五月份的时候,你可以去看农民手工播种稻子。

我会绘制一份微缩图纸,这样你就可以随时查看。

19. 我们对造成的误会感到抱歉,希望我们的道歉能够解决双方的问题。

20. 妈妈在做晚饭的同时让我摆好饭桌。

21. 在所有学生中,沃尔特最不像是能做出惊人成绩的人。

22. 我和我的合作伙伴首先在梅森大道开了一个小店面。我们给它取名“W & M裁缝店”。

23. 导演在一次新闻发布会上用污言秽语攻击他的批评者。


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